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Critical analysis of scholarly open-access publishing

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    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine

    Annals of Misrepresentation

    The South Korean journal Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine (ARM) claims on its website that authors are not charged any fees, but one author received a bill after his paper was accepted for publication.

    On its website the journal clearly states,

    There is no author’s submission fee or other publication related fee since every cost for the publication process is supported by the publisher; therefore it is the [sic] platinum open access journal

    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine 2

    They very clearly state there are no fees.

    The website even links to this blog and a post here that explains the platinum open-access model, free to authors and free to readers.

    However, the evidence shows that the journal billed one author from South Asia after his paper was accepted. A PDF copy of the bill is here, with identifying information redacted at the author’s request.

    The author wrote to the journal and asked why he was being invoiced given the journal’s stated policy of no author fees. He received this reply from the journal:

    Dear [Redacted],

    Thank you for your question.

    The publication cost is charged about whole editing process including the manuscript editing and English editing.

    Although your article does not contain any color pictures, we do post all the papers and pictures in color on the web. (As you don’t want color pictures, your pictures are printed in black and white on papers.)

    Therefore you have to pay the cost for publication of your article in the ARM.

    Best Regards,

    Se Hee Jung

    Associate Editor,

    Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine

    This nonsense reply is unprofessional and abusive. It directly contradicts what is stated on the journal’s website and leads one to wonder what other abusive practices the journal engages in.

    I recommend that researchers avoid submitting manuscripts to the Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine. It is an unprofessional and exploitative publication and it may be beyond rehabilitation.

    denverjeffreyAnnals of Rehabilitation MedicineAnnals of Rehabilitation Medicine 2denverjeffreyAnnals of Rehabilitation MedicineAnnals of Rehabilitation Medicine 2

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    World Journal of Biotechnology

    World Journal of Exploitation

    The World Journal of Biotechnology is a new, niche journal that fulfills the long-standing demand for an international publication outlet in the field of biotechnology.

    Not really. In fact, it’s a broad-scoped journal that duplicates the coverage of dozens of other fake, low-quality open-access journals in biotechnology. This one only stands out because it offers to pay its peer reviewers.

    The journal is the sole effort of a publisher with the exciting name of Scientific Platform Journals.

    Scientific Platform Journals

    Dull in every possible way.

    They’re based in Islamabad, and I recently received a spam email from them that said this:

    Dear Colleague

    Hope you will be fine there. The main purpose of this memorandum is to request you to serve on the Editorial/ Review Board of World Journal of Biotechnology: An Open Access International Journal for first 2 years. If you are the part of this journal, you will be awarded a reviewer or Editorial board certificate. In first 2 years, if your review progress is found to be satisfactory during first 2 years then you will be categorized as paid reviewer for next 2 years. 7$ USD will be awarded to you during each review report and credit will be transfer to your bank account when it will reach up to 100$ USD.

    So peer reviewers can earn seven dollars per review, but they are only paid when their “bank” reaches one hundred dollars. So you would have to complete fifteen peer reviews before you would get your one hundred dollars.

    This is clearly exploitative. Doing peer reviews for most predatory journals is a waste of time anyway. Most of the submissions they receive are poor, and even when all reviewers recommend rejection, they publish the paper anyway, just to earn the fees.

    Moreover, you have to work for free for two years before the paltry earnings even start to accumulate. I think this policy would violate minimum-wage laws in pretty much every country.

    The World Journal of Biotechnology has no published content. There already are dozens of OA journals in biotechnology, and the world certainly does not need this new one, paid reviewers or not.

    denverjeffreyWorld Journal of BiotechnologyScientific Platform JournalsdenverjeffreyWorld Journal of BiotechnologyScientific Platform Journals

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  • 12/15/15--08:00: MIT Journal Hijacked
  • MIT Technology Review hijacked

    How’s that open source thing working out for you?

    The MIT Technology Review has been hijacked. In the last few months, I’ve seen an increase in the rate of hijacked journals reported to me.

    This blog post also reports the recent hijacking of a Brazilian scholarly society journal.

    The hijacked version of the journal uses at least two variant titles on its website:

    • TECH REV: Technology Review journal
    • REV TECH Journal
    Contact us

    They copy the real address and ISSN, but the email address is that of the hijackers.

    The authentic journal is a subscription journal. The hijacked one copies the ISSN of the original but follows the open-access model, a model fervently promoted by many in the Cambridge, Massachusetts area. Now this promotion has come home to roost and fostered the hijacking of legitimate journals, including this one based in Cambridge.

    Like predatory journals, hijacked journals use the gold open-access model and seek to accept as many papers as possible, pocketing the author fees paid by the corresponding authors. They spam and accept pretty everything submitted. The hapless authors are left thinking they’ve published in an indexed journal.

    Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

    Notice the upper-case S.

    Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte

    The hijacked Brazilian journal is the Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. The home page of the hijacked journal features a (pirated) image of a competitive swimmer:

    The competitive sport of scholarly open-access publishing.

    Elaborate hijacking.

    The hijackers stole the journal’s logo, but in editing it they botched the capitalization in the word Brasileira, an error that, along with other things, betrays the version’s hijacked status.

    The authentic version of the journal is (or perhaps was) published by the Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte. The journal is also mirrored on SciELO, an interesting … um, neighborhood.

    I may have mentioned this previously, but I think it bears repeating: The system of payments from authors is corrupting scholarly publishing and therefore scholarly communication.

    Scholarly research needs a dissemination system that does not rely on author-financed publishing. Let’s fix this problem before it’s too late.


    Please see my list of hijacked journals here.

    denverjeffreyMIT Technology Review hijackedContact usRevista Brasileira de Medicina do EsporteThe competitive sport of scholarly open-access publishing.denverjeffreyMIT Technology Review hijackedContact usRevista Brasileira de Medicina do EsporteThe competitive sport of scholarly open-access publishing.

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    Watch out for all of these.

    I didn’t get much rest over the Christmas break, as tips regarding questionable new publishers and journals poured in  tips I am grateful for. Over the break I added five new publishers to the list. Four are from India and one is from Nigeria. Below you will find a description of each of the five publishers, accompanied by my sardonic comments.

    Bio Core

    Bio waste.

    1. Bio Core = http://biocoreopen.org/index.php

    This amateurish publisher gives this as its contact address:

    3409 Grove Gate CT,
    Virginia, USA

    However, the domain name registration data points to Hyderabad, India, so it’s likely the perpetrator, er, I mean owner, is using the address of one his friends or relatives who went to the United States to study.

    This effort launched with eight medical journals, including the International Journal of Pediatrics and Neonatal Health. The title appears differently on the publisher’s list of journals.

    The journal covers are all illustrated with what appear to be pirated images. I think this publisher is a one-man operation that wants to cash in on the easy money that OA publishing offers. Fortunately, this one is too late and will quickly fail, but it will make a lot of noise in the interim.

    Brainy Buzz

    The nadir of open-access.

    1. Brainy Buzz = http://brainybuzz.in/

    This publisher’s name — Brainy Buzz — gives one an immediate clue that it’s worthless and silly, and the clue is correct. This publisher is based in Bhatinda, India, and it only charges $20 as the author fee. See how competition has brought the price down?

    Its tagline, “Welcome in Brainy Buzz” is, unfortunately, using the wrong preposition; it should be Welcome to Brainy Buzz. But even this prominent error is minor in comparison with this publisher of ten journals’ significant shortcomings.

    A spam email from this publisher forwarded to me declares:

    BRAINYBUZZ IS AN ONLINE JOURNAL HUB has been developed as a peer reviewed, Open Access journal. As such, manuscripts are prepared and reviewed by internationally renowned clinical academics and research scientists.

    This is a total lie, of course. Given that one of the journals they publish is entitled Journal of English Language and Literature Studies*, you’d think that they could at least get the website text correct.

    *By the way, isn’t it great to see more humanities open-access journals appearing?

    St Anne Mary

    Holy crap.

    1. St. Anne Mary = www.annemary.org/publication

    This publisher of 17 open-access journals has been around for some time. The web site is more like an archeological site, for parts of it haven’t been updated in years.

    Based in New Delhi, St. Anne Mary is no Mother Theresa.

    When I examined their website, I could not find information about the author fees they charge, if any. They publish two library science journals: International Journal of Information and Library Science and Asian Journal of Library ond Information Science. Like we really need more of those.

    I learned about this publisher from a recent spam email it diffused that was forwarded to me:

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    Invitation for Research paper Contribution in Reviewed Journals

    St. Anne Mary publication established in 2009 in New Delhi, invites research papers for their forthcoming issue of bi-annual issue covering major subjects in different Journals.


    It’s a no-brainer to avoid this publisher.


    Srinubnabu would be a more accurate name.

    1. Mathews Open Access Journals = http://www.mathewsopenaccess.com/


    Mathews Open Access Journals launched recently and began spamming. It launched with ten medical journals and claims to be based in Newark, New Jersey, but I think it’s really based in India and is possibly run by a bunch of former OMICS Group employees.

    I’ve been told OMICS also treats its employees poorly (like it treats its authors), so after they learn the business from OMICS many defect and start their own exploitative publishing companies. All you need is a website, and that’s all this publisher is, a lousy website.

    Their journal titles all start with “Mathews”, for example, Mathews Journal of Neurology, and the current author fee for all the journals is $201.

    This publisher is spamming now, so when you see an email from them in your inbox, report it as spam.

    Terminal Journals

    The end.

    1. Terminal Journals = http://www.terminaljournals.org/

    This publisher is called Terminal Journals because that’s what will happen to your career if you publish here: it will terminate.

    This publisher is based in Nigeria’s Delta State, home to many predatory publishers. Terminal Journals is significant because it’s the largest journal launch I’ve seen in a while: fifty broad journals.

    A “Dr. Allen Frank” from their “Media Publicity” Department is currently spamming for editorial board members.

    This publisher charges $200 to publish an article, but they also require you to transfer the copyright to them, a bad deal. ■

    denverjeffreycollageBio CoreBrainy BuzzSt Anne MaryMathewsTerminal JournalsdenverjeffreycollageBio CoreBrainy BuzzSt Anne MaryMathewsTerminal Journals

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    Journal of Natural Products (counterfeit)

    The copycat journal’s unprofessional masthead, boasting fake impact factors.

    I learned recently of a journal whose title exactly copies the title of a respected journal in the same field, the Journal of Natural Products. The counterfeit journal is based in India, while the original journal is published by a respected scholarly society.

    The copycat journal is apparently the effort of one man, Sudhanshu Tiwari. A recent statement that appears on the journal’s website under the heading “FROM EDITOR DESK” gives evidence of the journal’s low quality:

    I wish all of you a very “HAPPY NEW YEAR (2016)” and I want to convey our cardiac thanks to all of you, due to your kind support we have published volume 08(2015) of our ON-LINE JOURNAL “Journal of Natural Products” (ISSN 0974-5211). We are also receiving huge amount of noble research paper for forth coming issue from all over world.

    The letter continues:

    All paper published by J.N.P. is blindly peer reviewed.

    Well, they got that right.

    The letter brags about all the fake metrics — including fake impact factors — the journal has “earned.” There are now a couple dozen companies that sell contrived impact factors to predatory journals.

    The journals then display these impact factors on their websites to attract article submissions, particularly submissions from people needing to publish in impact factor journals.

    It costs 5,000 rupees for one’s article to appear this pay-to-publish journal. Using an unoriginal journal title, a website, and some fake metrics, one can earn a good, steady living by tricking people.

    Under United States law, one cannot copyright a journal title.

    Journal of Natural Products (authentic).jpg

    The legitimate journal.

    The victim journal is the Journal of Natural Products from ACS Publications, part of the American Chemical Society.

    Currently in volume 79, the journal originally launched in 1936 under a different title. There is a Wikipedia article about the journal that tells its interesting history.

    There is no practical action that can be taken against copycat publishers such as this one. Because the bogus journal is open-access, libraries cannot cancel their subscriptions to it. There’s no way to make it go away.

    As long as we have author-financed scholarly publishing, such scams will continue to appear and prosper.

    Hat tip: Dr. Guido F. Pauli


    denverjeffreyJournal of Natural Products (counterfeit)Journal of Natural Products (authentic).jpgdenverjeffreyJournal of Natural Products (counterfeit)Journal of Natural Products (authentic).jpg

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    Scientific Object Identifier

    Scientific Object Identifier ?

    There is increasing evidence of a parallel economy developing around the scholarly publishing industry. The components of this parallel economy include predatory publishers, contrived metrics companies, bogus proofreading services, and now, a company supplying non-standard identifiers.

    The company selling the non-standard identifier is called Scientific Object Identifier (SOI). This is clearly an attempt to create an identifier along the lines of the DOI, the Digital Object Identifier.

    However, the term Scientific Object Identifier is poorly chosen, for “scientific object” sounds like a term for a piece of laboratory equipment — such as a microscope — rather than a digital object, essentially a computer file.

    The main thing promoting the gray market in scholarly publishing is the system of payments from authors. There are numerous small and startup companies or sole proprietors that copy the functions and business plans of existing publishers and support companies.

    The gray market provides services directly to scholarly authors or to other companies that market to authors.

    They all seek revenue from scholarly authors, directly or indirectly. They want grant money, personal funds, money from APC funds, money from academic libraries, and money from provosts.

    The problem is that these companies — like the Scientific Object Identifier company — are silly knock-offs of legitimate firms.

    Generally, each new company means thousands of additional spam emails that academics will receive.

    While it’s great that the open-access movement has helped make published research more accessible, the movement has resulted in the destabilization of scholarly publishing and the creation of much chaos.


    Winning the OA battle, losing the scientific war.


    1. Thanks to: Ravi Murugesan for alerting me to the halitosis article.
    1. I acknowledge that gray is the American spelling, with grey the preferred Canadian and British spelling. Not sure about Australia and New Zealand.

    denverjeffreyScientific Object IdentifierHalitosisdenverjeffreyScientific Object IdentifierHalitosis

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    Journal of Current Research in Science

    Journal of unoriginal content.

    The Journal of Current Research in Science (JCRS) is included on my list of questionable journals, and I strongly advise all honest researchers to avoid it. It allows up to 40% plagiarism in its articles and proclaims several completely fake impact factors. Surprisingly, a new scholarly index from a reputable firm has made the decision to include this journal in its coverage.

    High Tolerance for Plagiarism

    A prominent note at the top of the journal’s website says:

    JCRS is following an instant policy on rejection those received papers with plagiarism rate of more than 40%.

    40 percent plagiarism.jpg

    You can publish a paper with up to 40% plagiarism in this Journal.

    This means the journal will accept and publish papers with up to 40% unoriginal content, a highly-questionable practice that violates established scholarly publishing ethical norms.

    Fake Impact Factors

    The journal also displays false impact factors to make itself look more legitimate. It has made-up numbers from Global Impact Factor and Universal Impact Factor. These are counterfeit impact factor companies that sell their contrived metrics to predatory journals, metrics the journals use to attract papers.

    Fake impact factors

    Fake metrics, with values that increase each year.

    Emerging Sources Citation Index

    A dirty database?

    The journal prominently displays the logo of the Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), a new database from Thomson Reuters — the same company that calculates impact factors. I verified that the journal is included in this index.

    ESCI is an attempt by Thomson Reuters to better compete with Scopus, which has a much broader coverage than Web of Science, Thomson Reuters’ main index.

    If Emerging Sources Citation Index is including journals like the Journal of Current Research in Science — with its fake impact factors and high tolerance for plagiarism — then ESCI will have little value and will gain a reputation as a dirty database.

    Non-Scientific Content

    I also note the presence of out-of-scope content in the Journal of Current Research in Science, including, for example, the article “The Ratio of Islamic philosophy and religious thought.”

    The article does not fall into the journal’s stated scope (current research in science) at all. Moreover, it, along with the journal’s other articles, has not been copyedited and contains numerous errors, such as “lunarcolander” instead of “lunar calendar.”


    If this journal fits into Thomson Reuters’ idea of “emerging sources,” then I question the company’s competence in evaluating open-access journals. The journal misleads researchers with fake impact factors and permits a high level of plagiarism in its published articles.

    Hat tip: Janusz Mierczynski

    denverjeffreyJournal of Current Research in Science40 percent plagiarism.jpgFake impact factorsEmerging Sources Citation IndexdenverjeffreyJournal of Current Research in Science40 percent plagiarism.jpgFake impact factorsEmerging Sources Citation Index

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    East European Science Journal

    More fiction than fact.

    A Russian-owned journal that claims to be based in Poland is as fake as a scholarly journal can get. The East European Science Journal has a completely made up editorial board, and most other aspects of it are fake also.

    The journal uses several titles in English. Its masthead says East European Science Journal, but its journal cover images say East European Scientific Journal. It also calls itself the East European Research Alliance.

    East European Science Journal 2

    East European Scam Journal

    But the most significant thing about the journal is that its editorial board — which it calls its “Research Council” — is completely made up.

    One of the names on the council is listed like this:

    Anthony Maverick (Bar-Ilan University)

    There is no one by this name at BIU. There is, however, a MAVERICK Lab at the university. The predatory journal just made up the name and added it to its Research Council.

    I think the names of the journal’s editors are made up also. They are all people with common first and last names in Poland:

    Mikołaj Wiśniewski
    Szymon Andrzejewski
    Dominik Makowski
    Paweł Lewandowski

    Like most bogus journals these days, this one also claims to have an impact factor from ISI. However, the journal’s impact factor (0.572) is supplied by the fake impact factor company called International Scientific Indexing.

    The website’s terms and conditions page, which it calls “Public offer,” makes reference to Russian law, evidence that it’s not really a Poland-based journal. This is a deceptive journal in many ways.

    Analysis. This impostor journal is really set up to provide easy publishing for authors from the former Soviet Union. Most or all of the articles published in the three issues it has published so far are in Russian.

    They charge a low fee (about USD $40) and falsely claim to be based in the EU. The journal claims it’s based in Warsaw, but in reality, this is likely only a front. It’s probably run out of Russia.

    The fact that the publisher claims to be EU-based  means more academic credit for the Russian authors than they would receive for publishing in a Russia-based journal (or a Ukraine-based one).

    I strongly encourage all researchers to avoid submitting any manuscripts to this journal.

    Hat tip: Dr. Janusz Mierczynski


    The journal’s Polish title is: Wschodnioeuropejskie Czasopismo Naukowe.

    The journal’s Russian title is: Восточно-Европейский Научный Журнал.

    denverjeffreyEast European Science JournalEast European Science Journal 2denverjeffreyEast European Science JournalEast European Science Journal 2

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    Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach

    Outreach to nuts.

    OMICS International (formerly OMICS Publishing Group) has named Chandra Wickramasinghe editor-in-chief of its strangely-titled Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach. Wickramasinghe’s research focuses on exogenesis and is largely rejected by mainstream astronomers.


    Wickraamasinghe. Sometimes a meteorite is just a meteorite.

    This is a clever move by OMICS International. Wickramasinghe has a following, and many of his followers are fringe scientists with money to spend on article publishing. Now they have a friendly place to submit their works to, an outlet that will essentially guarantee acceptance, create a PDF, and slap on a DOI to their out-of-this-world ideas.

    Here’s a selection from Wickramasinghe’s maiden editorial in his journal:

    … what everyone wants to know is whether microbial life currently exists on Mars. If the presence of water, methane and organic molecules is conceded, the existence of life will also be guaranteed by the simple fact the Mars and Earth are in close proximity within the solar system and have indeed been connected by impacts and exchanges of meteoritic rocks that would have transferred biomaterial between the planets.

    This may be an example of pathological science. Peer review is supposed to filter out such pseudo-science, but the quest to earn author fees is largely wiping out this scholarly publishing function, and scholarly publishers are now in the business of merely taking orders from scholarly authors.

    Chandra Wickramasinghe has claimed to find extraterrestrial life on September 10, 2013, and he then claimed to extraterrestrial life on January 24, 2015, and he claimed to find it once again here. You can find breathless news reporting of his claims in the UK tabloids the Daily Express and the Daily Mail. For his academic writing, you can go to the notorious Journal of Cosmology (on my list). To say astronomers (including Phil Plait) have debunked his nonsense many times is an understatement.

    As one astronomer asked me, “With Chandra Wickramasinghe and OMICS International, what could possibly go right?”

    Similar Marketing Strategy?

    This reminds me of Common Ground Publishing and its journal The Inclusive Museum. Its editor-in-chief is guru-wannabe Amareswar Galla, whom Common Ground has successfully used to generate tons of revenue though the journal and a complementary series of conferences also dubbed “The Inclusive Museum.”



    Galla. Visa and Master Card accepted.

    Common Ground (not on my list) is a clever publisher that knows how to pander to researchers and make them happy to surrender their travel funds, and it has mastered the use of faux-celebrities like Galla to generate a fortune in conference registrations.


    As open-access reaches a tipping point, increasingly, the customers are scholarly authors, not academic libraries. This means that publishers are working right now on ways to attract your research funds and open-access fees.

    Opening scientific publishing to junk science — and using questionable gurus to attract manuscripts and conference registrations — are just two of the marketing strategies that publishers are using.

    Appendix: Spam email from Chandra Wickramasinghe for the Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach.

    Dear [Redacted],

    Greetings from Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach!

    Hope our e-mail finds you well and in healthy mood.

    It’s a great honor for me to consider you as potential author and invite you to contribute a manuscript for consideration and publication in forthcoming issue to be released in Journal of Astrobiology and Outreach. Your contribution is of great importance for us and it will help the journal to establish standards. We are inviting best minds in the research field for manuscript submissions.

    The upcoming issue will contain a collection of papers written by authors who are leading experts in the field. We have released our new issue during the first week of October have a look at it. I am sure that would inspire you to submit your work too.

    Our journal publishes almost all types of research write-ups (like Original research, Review, Case-reports, Letter to editors, Commentaries, Short communications, Research images, Video articles etc.) which are related to Astrobiology, Astronomy, Astrophysics, Cosmology etc.

    It would be great if you could submit at your earliest possible date.

    Submit manuscript at: editor.jao@esciencecentral.org (OR) http://www.editorialmanager.com/environsci/default.aspx

    Please do let me know if you have any queries, I would be happy to assist you.

    Best Regards
    Dr. Chandra Wickramasinghe
    Journal of Astrobiology & Outreach

    denverjeffreyJournal of Astrobiology & OutreachWickramasingheGalladenverjeffreyJournal of Astrobiology & OutreachWickramasingheGalla

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    International Journal of Health Sciences and Research 1

    A torturous read.

    Here is another example of an article in an open-access journal about plagiarism that itself contains plagiarism. The 2016 article, classified as a “short communication” in the predatory International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, has only two pages of text and is barely readable, except for the plagiarized parts.

    The article is entitled “Plagiarism: A Serious Scientific Misconduct.”

    Here’s evidence of the lifted text. First, a screenshot from the offending article:

    plagiarism 1

    Mostly lifted text, no quotation marks.

    The first sentence is lifted from an article called “The ethics of scholarly publishing: Exploring differences in plagiarism and duplicate publication across nations” by Kathleen A. Amos. Here’s a screenshot from her April, 2014 piece showing the original text:

    plagiarism source 1

    The first original work.

    Note that no quotation marks are used, a signal from the authors that the text is their original expression — but that’s not true in this case.

    Most of the second sentence comes from an article entitled, “Plagiarism and scholarly publications: An ethical analysis” by Donald Gotterbarn, Keith Miller, and John Impagliazzo. Here’s a screenshot from this 2006 conference paper showing the original text:

    plagiarism source 2

    The second original work.

    There are no quotation marks, but at least the second copied sentence cites the original source.

    I realize the amount of lifting is relatively small, but so is the paper itself.

    Bitter medicine.

    Bitter medicine.

    The International Journal of Health Sciences and Research is included on my list. It’s also included in DOAJ, the Directory of Open Access Journals. (My list is actually referred to and cited in the paper.) The journal negligently refuses any responsibility for the lifted content:

    Disclaimer: The publisher and journals’ editorial team are not responsible for plagiarism and any other issues raised out of any article. It is the sole responsibility of the concerned author/s about contents/ideas/views expressed in the article.

    Like many open-access journals these days, this one emblazons its website with phony impact factors. Note the incredible jump in its Index Copernicus Value:

    Fake, fake, fake.

    Fake, fake, fake.

    This journal is a complete sham. The article was submitted on January 13th and accepted two weeks later. This is a medical journal, where quality and precision are crucial. It costs USD $50 to publish an article in the journal.

    In summary, we have an illiterate article about plagiarism that contains plagiarism published in a predatory medical journal. This is the status quo of scholarly open-access publishing.

    denverjeffreyInternational Journal of Health Sciences and Research 1plagiarism 1plagiarism source 1plagiarism source 2Bitter medicine.Fake, fake, fake.denverjeffreyInternational Journal of Health Sciences and Research 1plagiarism 1plagiarism source 1plagiarism source 2Bitter medicine.Fake, fake, fake.

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    Elite Hall Publishing House

    Worst-ever publisher website.

    Here’s a bottom-tier, confused, and low-quality publisher everyone should avoid, Elite Hall Publishing House.

    This publisher of seven, broad, open-access journals is based in Malegaon, India. Some of its journals are branded with the publisher name ERM Publications.

    It has one of the worst-designed websites of any publisher I’ve ever encountered. It is a user experience (UX) disaster, and you’ll do a lot of clicking if you visit the website, but you will get nowhere useful and just waste your time.

    Its journals boast fake impact factors, as shown in the image below of its journal Researchers World — Journal of Arts Science and Commerce.

    Researchers World

    Note the fake impact factor and the poor website editing. The journal cannot even render its own title correctly.

    The articles are not copyedited and are barely readable, but they do have DOI numbers, further evidence that CrossRef, the organization that supplies DOIs, does not discriminate based on quality or predatoryness (new word).

    Indian Journal of Management Science

    Don’t waste your time accessing the “Archieves” of this poorly-managed management journal.

    The seven journals are duplicative in their coverage. Some do not allow the downloading of individual articles — you have to download the entire issue. Some of the journals do not provide author fee information. To submit an article, you send your article to a gmail address.

    There is no evidence that this publisher properly backs up its published content, so if you submit here, your published work may eventually disappear forever. But I recommend that all researchers avoid all the journals published by Elite Hall Publishing House. There are many better options.

    Appendix: List of Journals Published by Elite Hall Publishing House as of 2016-02-13

    1. Indian Journal of Commerce & Management Studies
    2. Indian Journal of Management Science (IJMS)
    3. International Journal of Advanced Engineering and Science
    4. International Journal of Information, Business and Management
    5. International Journal of Management Studies (IJMS)
    6. Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Research
    7. Researchers World — Journal of Arts Science & Commerce


    denverjeffreyElite Hall Publishing HouseResearchers WorldIndian Journal of Management SciencedenverjeffreyElite Hall Publishing HouseResearchers WorldIndian Journal of Management Science

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    International Journals of N&N global Technology

    The original one.

    A Tunisia-based publisher has “cloned” itself, creating a new publishing operation with a different name, but with the same low-quality journals.

    The two versions of the publisher are:

    Both publish the same nine, broad-scoped journals. The both list the same address in the “Cyber Park” in Tozeur, Tunisia.

    N&N Global Technology.jpg

    Created from a template.

    The firm also organizes conferences. The journals charge €200 to publish a paper.

    So, why would a publisher clone itself and create a duplicate operation but with the same name?

    One reason might be just to create a broader web presence. The more websites you operate, the greater the chance that someone will land on one of them.

    Another reason might be my list. I first had International Journals of N&N global Technology on my list. I know that some universities in North Africa use my lists and ask their faculty to avoid publishing with the publishers and journals included.

    Therefore, a clever way of getting around this is to create a new operation, using all the same journals to create a new publisher with a new name, one that is not on the list.

    Except now both of them are on the list.

    Hat tip: Dr. Andre Nel

    Appendix: Journals published by both International Journals of N&N global Technology and N&N Global Technology

    1. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence
    2. International Journal of Computer Networking and Communication
    3. International Journal of Embedded Systems
    4. International Journal of Information Security
    5. International journal of Information Systems
    6. International Journal of Internet and Web Applications
    7. International Journal of Signal Processing and Imaging Engineering
    8. International Journal of Software Engineering
    9. International Journal on E-Learning and Education

    denverjeffreyInternational Journals of N&N global TechnologyN&N Global Technology.jpgdenverjeffreyInternational Journals of N&N global TechnologyN&N Global Technology.jpg

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    The Scientific Pages

    Cute logo, but this publisher is dead on arrival.

    A new open-access publisher with the strange name The Scientific Pages launched recently with 65 worthless scholarly journals. All the journals duplicate the coverage of existing subscription and open-access journals.

    The publisher gives this as its headquarters address:

    The Scientific Pages
    1805 N Carson Street
    Suite S, Carson City
    Nevada 89701, USA

     However, this is really the address of The Carson Mail Depot, a rent-a-mailbox company. I don’t know where they’re really based — probably South Asia. The domain name data is blinded.

    The publisher is currently spamming for editorial board members, and the spam emails signed by “Nancy Perez,” probably a fake name.

    The website text is tortured and ungrammatical. Explaining their copyright policy, they say,

    Any content published with us will hold the copyrights. Thus we recommend to use only with proper citations cited when used. This ensures that the content utilized will be solely for personal purpose and not for commercial usage.

    The manuscripts published with the Journal will retain copyrights ownership with authors.

    That makes little sense. Like many predatory publishers, this one tries to place itself as a trusted partner in the open-access movement. Seeking approval, it states ([sic] throughout):

    OA provide many benefits to the scientific community such as, high visibility, retain copyrights, unlimited space constrains for data, rapid publication and dissimilation, high impact, high readership, and citation feasibilities.


    I think their journal cover images all include pictures lifted from the internet. Here’s the cover for their journal The Scientific Pages of Pediatrics:

    The Scientific Pages of Pediatrics

    What’s that under the teal blanket?

    All their journal titles begin with the phrase “The Scientific Pages of … ” To me the term “scientific pages” refers to young employees in the library who fetch science books.

    So, when you get a spam invitation to join one of their editorial boards or to submit a paper to one of their journals, I recommend you delete it.

    Appendix: List of The Scientific Pages journals as of 2016-02-25

    1. The Scientific Pages of Addiction and Rehabilitation
    2. The Scientific Pages of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics
    3. The Scientific Pages of Agricultural Techniques
    4. The Scientific Pages of Alzheimer’s Disease & Dementia
    5. The Scientific Pages of Anesthesia and Pain Management
    6. The Scientific Pages of Artificial Intelligence
    7. The Scientific Pages of Atomic and Nuclear Physics
    8. The Scientific Pages of Brain Cancer
    9. The Scientific Pages of Brain Disorders
    10. The Scientific Pages of Botany
    11. The Scientific Pages of Breast Cancer
    12. The Scientific Pages of Cervical Cancer
    13. The Scientific Pages of Cognitive Science
    14. The Scientific Pages of Community Medicine
    15. The Scientific Pages of Crop Science
    16. The Scientific Pages of Depression and Anxiety
    17. The Scientific Pages of Dermatology
    18. The Scientific Pages of Diabetology
    19. The Scientific Pages of Electronics and Communication
    20. The Scientific Pages of Emergency Medicine
    21. The Scientific Pages of Endocrinology and Metabolism
    22. The Scientific Pages of Family Medicine
    23. The Scientific Pages of Forest Research
    24. The Scientific Pages of Gastroenterology
    25. The Scientific Pages of Geriatric Medicine
    26. The Scientific Pages of Gynecology and Obstetrics
    27. The Scientific Pages of Health Care
    28. The Scientific Pages of Heart
    29. The Scientific Pages of Hematology
    30. The Scientific Pages of HIV and AIDS
    31. The Scientific Pages of Horticulture
    32. The Scientific Pages of Immunology
    33. The Scientific Pages of Infectious Diseases
    34. The Scientific Pages of Information Science
    35. The Scientific Pages of Leukemia Research
    36. The Scientific Pages of Lung Cancer
    37. The Scientific Pages of Metallurgical and Material Engineering
    38. The Scientific Pages of Mood Disorders
    39. The Scientific Pages of Nephrology
    40. The Scientific Pages of Neurodegenerative Disorders
    41. The Scientific Pages of Neuro Oncology
    42. The Scientific Pages of Nursing
    43. The Scientific Pages of Opthalmology
    44. The Scientific Pages of Oral Cancer
    45. The Scientific Pages of Oral Health
    46. The Scientific Pages of Orthopedics and Rheumatism
    47. The Scientific Pages of Otolaryngology
    48. The Scientific Pages of Pancreatic Cancer
    49. The Scientific Pages of Pediatrics
    50. The Scientific Pages of Pediatric Neurology
    51. The Scientific Pages of Physical medicine
    52. The Scientific Pages of Plant Pathology
    53. The Scientific Pages of Psychiatry
    54. The Scientific Pages of Pulmonology
    55. The Scientific Pages of Public Health
    56. The Scientific Pages of Regenerative Medicine
    57. The Scientific Pages of Renal Cancer
    58. The Scientific Pages of Rice Research
    59. The Scientific Pages of Robotics
    60. The Scientific Pages of Sleep Medicine
    61. The Scientific Pages of Soil and Water Science
    62. The Scientific Pages of Sports Medicine
    63. The Scientific Pages of Translational Medicine
    64. The Scientific Pages of Translational Neuroscience
    65. The Scientific Pages of Vaccines

    denverjeffreyThe Scientific PagesThe Scientific Pages of PediatricsdenverjeffreyThe Scientific PagesThe Scientific Pages of Pediatrics

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    Current asbestos-related regulations are irrational

    This article concludes, “Current asbestos-related regulations are irrational.”

    A recent article in the National Review used the term “advocacy research” to describe unscientific articles published in predatory journals to promote a social or political agenda.

    I have been observing and blogging about this for some time and wish I had come up with the term “advocacy research,” for it fits the concept perfectly.

    The National Review article says,

    Another trend, related and equally worrisome, is the increasing frequency of publication of the results of flawed “advocacy research” that is designed to give a false result that supports a certain cause or position and can be cited by activists long after the findings have been discredited. The articles are often found in the predatory open-access journals.

    Because journals with an honest peer review process won’t publish unscientific advocacy research, predatory journals have become the venue of choice for people promoting unscientific agendas.

    Here’s an example — illustrated in the screenshot above — with both a political and commercial motive. The article, “Asbestos-Related Research: First Objectivity then Conclusions,” (HTML, PDF) tries to make the case that government regulations prohibiting the manufacture and sale of asbestos products are “excessive.”

    Journal of Environmental Studies

    Want to support junk science?

    The article appears in volume 1, issue 1 of Avens Publishing Group’s Journal of Environmental Studies. The journal doesn’t even have an ISSN, and it may have been launched just to publish pro-asbestos and other junk science articles.

    I learned about this article through a blog post entitled “More corrupt science manufacturing doubt about harm caused by asbestos,” by Kathleen Ruff of RightOnCanada.ca. She reports that the article, “…contains corrupt scientific information promoting doubt about harm caused by asbestos.”

    Pointing to a possible motive for writing and publishing the article Ruff states,

    Russia is by far the biggest producer and exporter of asbestos in the world, producing over one million tons of chrysotile asbestos every year, which represents 50% of global asbestos production. The Russian government and Russian scientists are aggressively and successfully marketing asbestos and scientific misinformation in countries in the global South, where the use of asbestos has hugely increased over the past two decades.

    I blogged about Avens Publishing Group in April, 2014, in a blog post titled “Red Alert: Avens Publishing Group.” I still maintain that this is a dangerous scholarly publisher. It may be owned by the same people who own Austin Publishing Group.

    After advocacy research is published in predatory journals, the advocates use the articles to convince the public that their views are “scientifically proven.”

    Predatory publishers started out by victimizing individual researchers. Now they are victimizing society at large.

    denverjeffreyCurrent asbestos-related regulations are irrationalJournal of Environmental StudiesdenverjeffreyCurrent asbestos-related regulations are irrationalJournal of Environmental Studies

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    Thales Academic Publisher

    A Trojan horse?

    [Note: This is a guest blog post by Dr. Tansu Küçüköncü].

    Thales Academic Publisher publishes 23 open-access journals and organizes scholarly conferences. It also publishes academic books. It is included on the list of questionable publishers.

    Strangely, two of its journals (the International Journal of Advanced and Multidisciplinary Social Science (JAMSS) and the International Journal of Advanced and Multidisciplinary Engineering Science (JAMES)) are also found on the website of another publisher, Scientific & Academic Publishing (SAPUB), which is also included on the list of questionable publishers.

    Also, seven of the publisher’s journals (JNSR, JEDS, JBAH, JIEA, RJFA, RHSS, JSTR) are included on another publishing platform, that of the International Institute for Science, Technology and Education (IISTE), a publisher is also on the list. It is emphasized that six of the journals in IISTE (all except JSTR) have been published for at least five years.

    It is said that all seven journals in IISTE are published jointly by both Thales Academic Publisher and IISTE. However, when you access the journals through the IISTE website, there is no indication that the journals also appear on the Thales Academic Publishing website.

    The editor-in-chief of the two SAPUB / Thales journals is the same, Fikret Mazi. Fikret Mazi is also the editor-in-chief of three of the IISTE journals.

    One of the journals, the International Journal of Thales Solar Energy Reviews (JTSER), which promises fast publication in 20 days, is supported by TÜBİTAK (the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). Its editor-in-chief is Furkan Dincer.

    Thales Publisher also has thirteen additional journals which also promise fast publication in 20 days.

    It is interesting that Thales Academic Publisher (Tales Akademik Yayincilik) has no physical address, nor does it list a phone number. Probably it has no official registration anywhere. The only way to contact Thales Publisher is through an anonymous e-mail, thales.editors@gmail.com.

    Although its website (http://www.thalespublisher.com) has no information about who its owner is, it’s possible the owner is Omer Faruk Farsakoglu.

    The mysterious / fictitious / anonymous / unofficial Thales Academic Publisher, which is contactable only via an anonymous email, is sponsoring several conferences with Kilis 7 Aralık University in Turkey in 2016 at several locations.

    The chair of these conferences is Ömer Faruk Farsakoğlu. The conference at Kilis 7 Aralik University — to be held 19-20 March 2016 (International Conference on Natural Science and Engineering (ICNASE ’16)) — is interesting because it has dozens of Turkish university directors (vice rectors, deans) as scientific committee members.

    Retraction notice

    Retraction notice for plagiarism; the author is now a conference organizer in Turkey.

    In 2005, Ömer Faruk Farsakoğlu had a paper retracted because of plagiarism. Part of the retraction notice appears in the image above.

    According to new Turkish academic regulations, publishing articles in any journal or conference proceeding are enough to be an associate professor and then full professor.

    Moreover these articles bring salary promotions, up to 20 percent, to their authors.  Prizes (such as best paper awards) given by any journals and conferences are also effective for promotion to associate professor and to gain salary promotions.

    Articles in journals that have published for five years or more bring more academic credit.

    Being the editor of any journal or organizing any conference is also an effective way to be promoted to associate professor and to gain salary increases.

    Under the old system, having one or two SCI (or the equivalent of it for other disciplines) articles was the requirement. The new system did away with this requirement.

    Since 2011, the TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM index for Turkish journals (which includes some journals which were deleted from SCI) (which includes 2 year-old journals) (inclusion criteria of which is suspicious) (deletion is almost impossible) is accepted as equivalent to SCI (and its equivalents for other disciplines).

    (ULAKBİM: Ulusal Akademik Ağ ve Bilgi Merkezi = National Academic Network and Information Center)

    TÜBİTAK is problematic. There are some journals which are directly published by TÜBİTAK. One of the basic and major problems is that it refuses to retract even some 100% plagiarized articles, if the article is older than 5 years. Its decisions, especially details (how they decided, who decided), about ethical violations are secret. It refuses to share data used in articles.

    The new system can be summarized as: Everything is acceptable.

    In Turkey, associate professor is a title awarded by Turkey’s Council of Higher Education (YÖK).

    YÖK (or HEC) has no white or black list for journals and publishers. In the new system, publishing in Turkish journals and being cited six times in Turkish journals (there is way to determine these citations) are the new requirements.

    In the new system, conferences are promoted. YÖK has no white or black list for conferences and conference organizers.

    New salary promotions, up to 20%, are in parallel to this new system.

    Turkish academy is very problematic. The new system and the new salary promotions will create a crisis situation that will be unfixable.

    The immediate consequences will be:

    1. An increase in the number of gold (author-pays) publishers specializing in quick, easy, and cheap scholarly publishing.
    1. New Turkish journals and publishers and conference organizers and “international” conferences by Turkish academics and Turkish citation rings.

    Thales was an ancient Greek philosopher from Miletus on the Aegean coast of Anatolia.

    denverjeffreyThales Academic PublisherRetraction noticedenverjeffreyThales Academic PublisherRetraction notice

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    International Academy of Computer Technology

    Conferences, journals, spam.

    A continuing explosion in the number of low-quality and predatory scholarly conferences in Southeast Asia is confusing and annoying researchers in the region. One example is the so-called International Academy of Computer Technology (IACT) — which is not really an academy at all — whose headquarters address shows up as a dwelling in a U.S. state.

    The International Academy of Computer Technology (IACT) claims on its website that it’s a “nonprofit research and development organization,” a claim I doubt. It operates several scholarly conferences each month and publishes several open-access journals.

    Here’s the headquarters address the “Academy” gives:

    3308 N Mayfield Ave,
    San Bernardino, CA 92405

    3308 N Mayfield Ave

    Paying taxes on earned income in the U.S. and California?

    This is the house at that address, a small structure with a steeply-pitched roof and a tree-lined yard. Despite its claimed U.S. base, only a tiny proportion of its journals’ editorial board members are based in the U.S.

    The company lures researchers into presenting at its conferences (and paying the registration fees) by tempting them with offers to publish their conference papers in indexed journals, journals they themselves publish.

    Selected submission paper

    The come-on, in a strange font, as seen on their conference website.

    They generally organize two-four conferences each month, with each month’s conferences taking place at the same hotel at the same time. For example, their April, 2016 conferences will be held in Bali, Indonesia. They are:

    • 2016 4th International Conference on Nano and Materials Engineering
    • 2016 2nd International Conference on Sensors and Mechanical Automation
    • 2016 4th International Conference on Electronics Engineering and Technology

    Some believe that if a conference is the event’s 2nd or higher that it’s automatically legitimate — not true. I’ve gotten reports from several researchers in Indonesia that many there are being spammed to attend these conferences.

    Their publishing arm, also run from a house in San Bernardino.

    Their publishing arm, also run from a house in San Bernardino.

    The people in the house on Mayfield Avenue in San Bernardino publish a lot of journals. Some — but not all — of the journals they publish are included on website for International Academy Publishing.

    I strongly recommend that researchers everywhere avoid this company’s conferences and open-access journals. I think the academic indexes that cover these journals have been fooled.

    Appendix: List of International Academy Publishing journals as of 2016-03-12 (list may be incomplete):

    1. International Journal of Applied Physics and Mathematics
    2. International Journal of Bioscience, Biochemistry and Bioinformatics
    3. International Journal of Computer and Communication Engineering
    4. International Journal of Computer and Electrical Engineering
    5. International Journal of e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning
    6. International Journal of Knowledge Engineering
    7. International Journal of Languages, Literature and Linguistics
    8. International Journal of Materials Science and Engineering
    9. International Journal of Social Science and Humanity
    10. Journal of Computers
    11. Journal of Software
    12. Lecture Notes on Information Theory
    13. Lecture Notes on Software Engineering

    denverjeffreyInternational Academy of Computer Technology3308 N Mayfield AveSelected submission paperTheir publishing arm, also run from a house in San Bernardino.denverjeffreyInternational Academy of Computer Technology3308 N Mayfield AveSelected submission paperTheir publishing arm, also run from a house in San Bernardino.

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    Ology Science


    There’s a new open-access publisher in town, and its name is Ology Science. I fear that the publisher may have a connection with the notorious publisher called OMICS International.

    Ology Science launched with ten broad, bio-medical sciences journals. Most of the titles are similar to many journals already being published by other publishers, but one title that stood out to me was this one:

    Journal of Oral Surgica Acta

    This is such a strange title for a journal — it seems overly-contrived. I can just imagine someone asking, “Say, have you read my latest article in the Journal of Oral Surgica Acta?”

    Response: “No.”

    The evidence that points to a possible connection to OMICS International is the language and style of their spam email. The journals are currently recruiting editorial board members (no work required). Here’s a spam editorial board solicitation from them that was forwarded to me:

    Journal of Food Science and Nutraceuticals

    Dear Dr. [Retracted],

    Greetings for the day!!!!

    Journal of Food Science and Nutraceuticals publishes quality articles with the support from scientists like you. We are aware of your reputation for quality research and trust worthiness in the field of “Food Science” and that is why you have been chosen as an Editorial Board Member for our Journal.

    We assure you International quality and standards of our articles published in our journal, using state-of-the-art prominent reviewers and editorial board. We also assure you of our best cooperation always.

    If you are interested, we request you to send a recent passport size photo (JPEG format), CV, Biography (150 words) and Research Interests for our records.

    We look forward to a close and long lasting scientific relationship for the benefit of scientific community.

    With kind regards,
    Candy Alice
    Editorial Assistant
    Managing Editor

    The spam email is pandering, smarmy, and full of errors. The name at the end is fictitious, like everything else about this publisher and OMICS as well.

    Ology Science gives this as their headquarters address:

    Dripping Springs Dr.,
    Plano, TX

    You can't hide!

    3620 Dripping Springs Drive in Plano, Texas: You can’t hide!

    That address corresponds to — you guessed it — a dwelling.

    The domain name data for the website is blinded, and my best guess is that the publisher is really based in Hyderabad, India, home to many exploitative open-access publishers.

    The two journals missing from Ology Science’s fleet are two whose fields best reflect the publisher’s experience: Path-ology and Crimin-ology.

    UPDATE: There is another new publisher that is also spamming using the language and style of OMICS’ spam emails.  Its name is Excelytics Publishers, and it lunched with four medical journals and one materials science journal. I would recommend deleting or ignoring any spam you receive from this new publisher.

    Hat tip: Amanda Ferguson


    List of Ology Science journals as of 2016-04-01:

    1. Journal of Asthma and Allergy Research
    2. Journal of Diagnostic and Cardiology Research
    3. Journal of Experimental Pain Management
    4. Journal of Food Science and Nutraceuticals
    5. Journal of Neurology and Neuroinformatics
    6. Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse
    7. Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Diagnostic Imaging
    8. Journal of Oral Surgica Acta
    9. Journal of Pediatrics and Healthcare Nursing
    10. Journal of Personalized NanoMedicine

    List of Excelytics Publishers journals as of 2016-04-02:

    1. Insights in Cancer Research
    2. Cellular Immunology & Immunotherapeutics
    3. Trends in HIV/AIDS
    4. Insights in Medical Science
    5. Trends in Nanotechnology & Material Science


    denverjeffreyOlogy ScienceYou can't hide!denverjeffreyOlogy ScienceYou can't hide!

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    A mess indeed.

    A mess indeed.

    Be on the lookout for spam from a man using the fake persona of “Dr. Karl Heinz” and soliciting manuscripts for two open-access journals of abysmal quality. The journals use the initialisms JMESS and JMEST and claim they’re based in Germany, buy I suspect they are really based in eastern Turkey.

    The two journals, with overlapping scopes, are:

    Here’s part of a spam email that “Professor Heinz” has blasted out to numerous researchers:

    Blah, blah, blah.

    Blah, blah, blah.

    On the JMEST website, there is a call for papers that highlights the five-day time between submission and publication in the open-access journal:

    Strong evidence of a weak journal.

    Strong evidence of a weak journal.

    I’ve been receiving emails from “Dr. Heinz” asking me to remove the two journals from my list, something I have no plans to do. Here’s a sample:

    Dear Jeffry,

    I hope you are fine, I am Dr. Heinz from Germany, we have journals jmest and jmess in your list. But we could not understand why you added our journals to your list. We are working with under formal process. I mean our ISSN numbers are valid, and we have more than 400 reviewers and 60 editors to serve academicians.

    Here is the some of explanation our journal, we kindly request remove our journal names from your list.

    We look forward to hear from you.

    Note that having a valid ISSN is not a measure of quality, and quality is something that both of these journals are saliently lacking.

    In another email “Dr. Heinz” indicated this as the publisher’s German headquarters address: Gemeinde Neukölln, 10965 Berlin.

    The domain name registration points to a different name, however. Here’s some of the domain name data for JMESS (which matches that of JMEST):

     Registrant ID: ovh56168bfbaemw
     Registrant Name: Naci Kalkan
     Registrant Organization:
     Registrant Street: jmess.org, office #8621028
     Registrant Street: c/o OwO, BP80157
     Registrant City: Roubaix Cedex 1
     Registrant State/Province:
     Registrant Postal Code: 59053
     Registrant Country: FR
     Registrant Phone: +33.899498765

    A source tells me that “Dr. Karl Heinz” is really Naci Kalkan, the person to whom the journals’ websites are registered.

    Not Teutonic at all.

    Not Teutonic at all.

    Kalkan is a “research assistance” at Bitlis Eren University in eastern Turkey. He’s published (or self-published) at least one article in JMEST, too.

    The world of scholarly open-access publishing is full of such deceit, and when it comes to open access, you can’t be sure of anything anymore. Proceed with extreme caution.

    denverjeffreyA mess indeed.Blah, blah, blah.Strong evidence of a weak journal.Not Teutonic at all.denverjeffreyA mess indeed.Blah, blah, blah.Strong evidence of a weak journal.Not Teutonic at all.

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    KnowledgeCuddle .... Really?

    KnowledgeCuddle …. Really?

    This past week I added a publisher called KnowledgeCuddle Publication to my list. The publisher’s name is silly and unprofessional, more evidence of scholarly open-access publishing’s decline into absurdity.

    At the same time, two U.S. universities implemented strong open-access policies, policies their faculties will be pressured to follow and submit to.

    The contrast is stark: the appearance of a completely ridiculous open-access publisher, and the appearance of what are essentially open-access mandates at two U.S. universities. Why are universities promoting and essentially mandating a publishing model that is increasingly becoming a self-parody?

    KnowledgeCuddle 2

    A product of the open-access movement.

    KnowledgeCuddle Publication uses the open-source Open Journal Systems software, a favorite of predatory publishers.

    Based in Gujarat, India, KnowledgeCuddle currently publishes two open-access journals:

    • International Journal of Research in Advance [sic] Engineering
    • International Journal of Computer Engineering and Sciences

    The two journals cover academic disciplines already saturated with open-access journals — both are completely unneeded.

    The two universities that announced their new open-access policies are the University of Arizona and Florida State University. Now faculty at the two universities can publish in either of the two KnowledgeCuddle journals and be in compliance of their university’s open-access policy, provided they also submit a post-print of their work to their library’s repository.

    The policies only specify open-access and don’t address journal quality, a big problem with OA journals.

    Over the past couple weeks, some library email lists I monitor have been inundated with congratulatory messages directed at the two universities. I think this is an example of what anthropologist Michael F. Brown calls open-access triumphalism.

    I oppose open-access mandates as a violation of academic freedom. Fortunately, both universities’ policies provide easy escape clauses from the Orwellian policies.

    Still, I think the appearance of publishers such as KnowledgeCuddle, together with the tacit approval of such publishers by academic librarians and others is cause for worry.

    Where KnowledgeCuddle claims its journals are indexed. http://www.knowledgecuddle.com/index.php/IJCES

    Where KnowledgeCuddle claims its journals are indexed. http://www.knowledgecuddle.com/index.php/IJCES

    denverjeffreyKnowledgeCuddle .... Really?KnowledgeCuddle 2Where KnowledgeCuddle claims its journals are indexed. http://www.knowledgecuddle.com/index.php/IJCESdenverjeffreyKnowledgeCuddle .... Really?KnowledgeCuddle 2Where KnowledgeCuddle claims its journals are indexed. http://www.knowledgecuddle.com/index.php/IJCES

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    Pyrex Journals

    A cheap knockoff of the real thing.

    Here I’d like to sound a warning about two low-quality scholarly open-access publishers. I wrote previously about Pyrex Journals and have an update on them. I’ll also write about a new publisher with a dumb name: Scientia Ricerca.

    I originally wrote a blog post about Pyrex Journals in November, 2014. At that time, I reported that it had just launched with ten journals. Now it has 33.

    Pyrex is based in Nigeria, a place where strange and salient business names are common.

    One of the reasons I wanted to highlight this publisher again is because it has been spamming a lot recently. The spam emails highlight their fast (fake) peer review process, stating,

    Our Peer-Review Evaluation Process normally takes one to two weeks to complete depending on the number of rounds the Peer-Review Evaluation Process needs to take before an article is published. For the 1st-round Peer-Review Evaluation Process, it will take one week to complete.

    This is one of the more “successful” Nigerian open-access publishers. Most that are launched there flounder and disappear.

    Scientia Ricerca

    Weird in every way.

    Scientia Ricerca is a new open-access publisher. It launched with 14 biomedical sciences journals.

    I cannot figure out where it’s based. Its “Reach us” page gives a Southern California address, but I think the address is fake. The domain name data is blinded — except for the registrant information — which it lists as Gagan Chaitanya.

    This publisher stands out for its salient use of boastful and poorly-edited language. Here’s an example:

    According to our belief, there is no best price for knowledge expect the will to learn. Scientia Ricerca, is counted amongst the leading Online Publishing Groups that strive to spread scientific ideas and research information to all.

    The only thing this publisher leads in is low quality. It also uses the wrong term to describe itself. Its tagline is “An Open access Directory.”

    Moreover, on its “Editor Guidelines” page, the publisher gives this advice to its peer reviewers:

    If the article is rejected due to less quality, please explain the reason for its refuse.

    Refuse indeed. This advice is given in vain, for I doubt the publisher will ever reject a submitted manuscript.

    I strongly recommend that researchers reject all invitations of any kind they receive from these two open-access publishers.

    Appendix: Lists of journals from each publisher.

    Pyrex Journals

    1. Pyrex Journal of Biodiversity And Conservation (PJBC)
    2. Pyrex Journal of Biomedical Research (PJBR)
    3. Pyrex Journal of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology (PJBMB)
    4. Pyrex Journal of Business and Finance Management Research (PJBFMR)
    5. Pyrex Journal of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Reviews (PJCPCR)
    6. Pyrex Journal of Computer And Information Systems (PJCIS)
    7. Pyrex Journal of Dentistry and Oral Hygiene (PJDOH)
    8. Pyrex Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment (PJENE)
    9. Pyrex Journal of Economics And International Finance (PJEIF)
    10. Pyrex Journal of Educational Research and Reviews (PJERR)
    11. Pyrex Journal of Engineering and Technology (PJET)
    12. Pyrex Journal of English and Literature (PJEL)
    13. Pyrex Journal of Food Science and Technology (PJFST)
    14. Pyrex Journal of Geography and Regional Planning (PJGRP)
    15. Pyrex Journal of Geology and Mining Research (PJGMR)
    16. Pyrex Journal of History and Culture (PJHC)
    17. Pyrex Journal of Law and Conflict Resolution (PJLCR)
    18. Pyrex Journal of Library and Information Science (PJLIS)
    19. Pyrex Journal of Medical Laboratory And Diagnosis (PJMLD)
    20. Pyrex Journal of Medicinal Plant Research (PJMPR)
    21. Pyrex Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (PJMMS)
    22. Pyrex Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research (PJMBR)
    23. Pyrex Journal of Nursing and Midwifery (PJNM)
    24. Pyrex Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism (PJNAM)
    25. Pyrex Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (PJPP)
    26. Pyrex Journal of Physical Sciences (PJPS)
    27. Pyrex Journal of Plant and Agricultural Research (PJPAR)
    28. Pyrex Journal of Political Science and International Relations (PJPSIR)
    29. Pyrex Journal of Psychology and Counselling (PJPC)
    30. Pyrex Journal of Pure And Applied Chemistry (PJPAC)
    31. Pyrex Journal of Research in Environmental Studies (PJRES)
    32. Pyrex Journal of Taxation and Accounting Management (PJTAM)
    33. Pyrex Journal of Vetrinary [sic] Medicine and Animal Science (PJVMAS)

    Scientia Ricerca

    1. Anaesthesia Critical Care and Pain Management
    2. Chronicles of Pharamacexutical [sic] Science
    3. Clinical Biotechnology and Microbiology
    4. Current Opinions in Neurological Science
    5. Gynaecology and Perinatology
    6. Holistic Approaches in Oncotherapy
    7. Innovative Techniques in Agriculture
    8. Multidisciplinary Advances in Veterinary Science
    9. Nutrition and Food Toxicology
    10. Opthalmology [sic] and Vision Science
    11. Oral Health and Dentistry
    12. Ortopedia and Trauma
    13. Pulmonary Research and Respiratory Care
    14. Therapeutic Advances in Cardiology

    denverjeffreyPyrex JournalsScientia RicercadenverjeffreyPyrex JournalsScientia Ricerca


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