Articles on this Page
- 12/05/12--08:46: _Three New Questiona...
- 12/11/12--08:15: _Respected Swiss Jou...
- 01/20/13--13:09: _Documenting Plagiar...
- 01/25/13--08:05: _OMICS Goes from “Pr...
- 02/12/13--09:13: _OMICS Ineptly Uses ...
- 03/07/13--09:55: _Report Details Pred...
- 04/02/13--08:38: _Article Acceptance ...
- 04/09/13--08:00: _The Epitome of Pred...
- 04/11/13--09:15: _The Suspicious Case...
- 04/25/13--08:41: _Another Society Jou...
- 04/30/13--09:28: _The Onslaught of Qu...
- 05/02/13--08:47: _New Open-Access Pub...
- 05/09/13--09:16: _Another Questionabl...
- 05/14/13--08:03: _“Please add my jour...
- 05/23/13--09:08: _Hawaiian Publisher ...
- 06/04/13--08:00: _OA Publisher Recent...
- 06/11/13--07:40: _OA Publisher Launch...
- 06/20/13--08:17: _OMICS Creates Ghost...
- 07/03/13--09:19: _Savvy Science Publi...
- 07/05/13--07:54: _KY Publications — ...
- 12/05/12--08:46: Three New Questionable Open-Access Publishers
- 12/11/12--08:15: Respected Swiss Journal Hijacked by Unknown Criminals
- 01/20/13--13:09: Documenting Plagiarism in Ashdin Publications’ Journals
- 01/25/13--08:05: OMICS Goes from “Predatory Publishing” to “Predatory Meetings”
- 02/12/13--09:13: OMICS Ineptly Uses Social Media to Promote its Brands
- 03/07/13--09:55: Report Details Predatory Practices of Two Bosnian Journals
- TTEM – Technics Technologies Education Management
- International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health (IJCRIMPH)
- International Journal of Pharmacy Teaching & Practices (IJPTP)
- Balkan Journal of Health Science (BJHS)
- The two journals, HealthMed and TTEM, are published by an organization (DRUNPP) of unclear identity, low transparency and questionable management.
- The general profile of these journals shows a typical “predatory” pattern characterized by the discrepancy between authors publishing charges and investment in journal quality.
- The two journals are bibliometrically isolated, i.e. not being cited by other quality journals including two controls, and even by small non‐WoS [i.e. Web of Science] Bosnian journals of similar background.
- Relatively high Impact Factor of the two journals comes entirely from self‐citations, their mutual citations exchange, and citations delivered by Serbian authors.
- A large amount of those citations is illegitimate, i.e. either unjustifiable, or fabricated.
- The proofs exist of direct engagement of both journals’ editorial staff in misconduct. Some of these malpractices, e.g. appending article reference lists with items citing their own or the other DRUNPP journal without informing authors about the change, are to our best knowledge unprecedented in international academic publishing.
- Clear indications exist of willing involvement of authors from several Serbian institutions, which makes them members of a “citation cartel”.
- Considering the benefits Serbian researchers have from publishing in WoS journals, these authors, along with editors of DRUNPP journals themselves, have to be tagged as “members of a joint unethical enterprise”.
- The cross‐border spillover of fabricating citations is already taking place in Serbia, where two authors, one of which is a prominent member of the DRUNPP group, established journals of the very same profile and started the very same malpractice.
- 04/02/13--08:38: Article Acceptance Letter Reveals a Bogus Peer Review
- 04/09/13--08:00: The Epitome of Predatory Publishers
- International Journal of Research in Commerce & Management
- International Journal of Research in Computer Application & Management
- International Journal of Research in Commerce, Economics & Management
- International Journal of Research in Commerce, IT & Management
- 04/11/13--09:15: The Suspicious Case of Science Record Journals
- Science Series Data Report
- America Scientist
- International Journal of Medical Discovery
- International Journal of Professional Artist
- International Research Journal of Basic and Applied sciences
- International Research Journal of Engineering and Technologies
- International Research Journal of Humanities
- Pioneer Architects & Urban Designers
- Science and Nature
- Innova Ciencia
- 04/25/13--08:41: Another Society Journal Hijacked ?
- Website of the authentic journal: http://www.bcss.org.uk/brad.php
- Website of hijacked journal: http://www.britishedu.org.uk/
- 04/30/13--09:28: The Onslaught of Questionable Open-Access Journals Persists Unabated
- The publisher does not reveal its location information.
- The site has numerous broken links and dead image links.
- Some of its journals have empty editorial boards but they have papers published.
- The Publisher is not a group of publishers as indicated in the name; it is a single publisher.
- The publisher claims its journals will be indexed in services that are not abstracting and indexing services.
- The publisher appears to use the same editorial board for all its journals
- The publisher does not reveal its headquarters location or address.
- The publisher requires copyright transfer
- The site makes no mention of whether authors are charged an APC or the amount.
- The publisher gratuitously uses the logos of Elsevier, Thomson Reuters, Scopus and Emerald on some of its pages.
- The editorial boards are listed but lack members’ institutional affiliations.
- The site makes no mention of whether authors are charged an APC and if so, the amount.
- Some of the journals use the word “advanced” in their titles but the articles do not reflect advanced research.
- There are instances of plagiarism among the articles.
- The articles all bear this licensing statement: “© 2012 Design for Scientific Renaissance All rights reserved.” The site makes no reference to free licenses.
- The author guidelines are pirated from other sites.
- The journal does not list a headquarters location.
- The journal lists a fictitious person as its editor in chief (A. Anderson from the International University, Cambodia). Also, editorial board members are listed without institutional affiliations.
- Some of the articles contain plagiarism.
- Much of the journal’s content (such as its editorial policy) is copied from other publishers without attribution.
- The journal mentions an article processing charge on its website but doesn’t state the amount.
- The journal claims to be indexed in services that are not abstracting and indexing services.
- The publisher’s headquarters location is not listed.
- The journal requires that authors transfer their copyright
- The journal charges a higher, per-page APC for papers above eight pages.
- The journal makes false and boastful statements including, “As the world’s leading publisher of Economics Management and Technology, IJTEMT serves more than 30 million Researchers, Students, Academecians [sic] & information professionals worldwide.”
- The journal promises a two-week turnaround time for peer review.
- 05/02/13--08:47: New Open-Access Publisher Launches with 66 Journal Titles
- Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advances in Economics and Business
- Advances in Energy and Power
- Advances in Library and Information Science
- Advances in Pharmacology and Pharmacy
- Advances in Quantum Engineering
- Advances in Signal Processing
- Advances in Surgical Science
- Advances in Zoology and Botany
- Bioengineering and Bioscience
- Cancer and Oncology Research
- Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Civil Engineering and Architecture
- Computational Research
- Computer Science and Information Technology
- Energy and Environmental Engineering
- Environment and Ecology Research
- Food Science and Technology
- Immunology and Infectious Diseases
- Intelligence Science and Technology
- International Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics
- International Journal of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease
- International Journal of Neuroscience and Behavioral Science
- International Journal of Wireless Engineering
- Investment and Trade
- Linguistics and Literature Studies
- Manufacturing Science and Technology
- Mathematics and Statistics
- Nanoscience and Nanoengineering
- Natural Resources and Conservation
- Nursing and Health
- Open Journal of Dentistry and Oral Medicine
- Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
- Probability and Statistics
- Sociology and Anthropology
- Sport and Art
- Universal Journal of Accounting and Finance
- Universal Journal of Agricultural Research
- Universal Journal of Applied Mathematics
- Universal Journal of Applied Science
- Universal Journal of Biomedical Engineering
- Universal Journal of Chemistry
- Universal Journal of Clinical Medicine
- Universal Journal of Communications and Network
- Universal Journal of Computational Mathematics
- Universal Journal of Control and Automation
- Universal Journal of Educational Research
- Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Universal Journal of Engineering Science
- Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science
- Universal Journal of Geoscience
- Universal Journal of Industrial and Business Management
- Universal Journal of Management
- Universal Journal of Marine Science
- Universal Journal of Materials Science
- Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering
- Universal Journal of Medical Science
- Universal Journal of Microbiology Research
- Universal Journal of Physics and Application
- Universal Journal of Plant Science
- Universal Journal of Psychology
- Universal Journal of Public Health
- Universal Journal of Service Science
- Universal Journal of Software Engineering
- World Journal of Computer Application and Technology
- World Journal of Internal Medicine
- 05/09/13--09:16: Another Questionable Publisher Emerges from Canada
- Scientific Canadian
- Canadian Journal of Plant Protection (CJPP)
- Canadian Journal of Plant Breeding (CJPB)
- Canadian Journal of Genomic Era (CJGE)
- Canadian Journal of Food Science (CJFS)
- Canadian Journal of Animal Research (CJAR)
- Canadian Journal of Green Energy Research (CJGER)
- 05/14/13--08:03: “Please add my journal to your list”
- Article from bogus journal: Progress so far in genetic kin recognition among vertabrates
- Original article from BMC Biology: Making progress in genetic kin recognition among vertebrates
- 05/23/13--09:08: Hawaiian Publisher Caters to Latin American Scholars
- The International Journal of Business and Finance Research (IJBFR)
- International Journal of Management and Marketing Research (IJMMR)
- Global Journal of Business Research (GJBR)
- Accounting & Taxation (AT)
- Business Education and Accreditation (BEA)
- Review of Business & Finance Studies (RBFS)
- Revista Internacional Administración & Finanzas (RIAF)
- Revista Global de Negocios (RGN)
- 06/04/13--08:00: OA Publisher Recent Science Launches with 38 Journals
- International Journal of Advanced Computing
- International Journal of Alternative Fuels
- International Journal of Alternative Medicine
- International Journal of Applied Mathematics
- International Journal of Architecture and Design
- International Journal of Automotive Electronics
- International Journal of Automotive Technology
- International Journal of Business Management and Research
- International Journal of Cancer Research
- International Journal of Chemical Engineering
- International Journal of Chemistry
- International Journal of Civil Engineering and Environmental Engineering
- International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering
- International Journal of Computer Networks and Security
- International Journal of Electrical, Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering
- International Journal of Energy Efficient Vehicle Designs
- International Journal of Finance and Quantitative Methods
- International Journal of Fluid Power Engineering
- International Journal of Indigenous Medicinal Plants
- International Journal of Internet and Web Technology
- International Journal of Marketing, Strategy, Operations Research and Organizational Behavior
- International Journal of Material Sciences and Manufacturing Engineering
- International Journal of Mathematical and Computer Modelling
- International Journal of Mathematical Sciences
- International Journal of Mechanical Engineering
- International Journal of Mechatronics and Aerospace Engineering
- International Journal of Medical Technology
- International Journal of Medicine and Medicinal Sciences
- International Journal of Multimedia and User Design & User Experience
- International Journal of Ocean and Water Resources
- International Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
- International Journal of Pharmaceutics
- International Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry
- International Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Trials
- International Journal of Physics and Astronomy
- International Journal of Social Sciences, Language and Linguistics
- International Journal of Statistics
- International Journal of Urban Planning and Transportation
- 06/11/13--07:40: OA Publisher Launches with over 350 New Journals
- International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine Research & Practice
- International Journal of Paranormal Investigation
- International Journal of Astrology
- Appendix: List of International Journal Network journals as of June 9, 2013
- International Anthropology Research Journal
- International Banking & Finance Journal
- International Biography Journal
- International Cardiology Journal
- International Dermatology Journal
- International Experimental Psychology Journal
- International Film Studies Journal
- International Government Affairs
- International Hydraulic Engineering Journal
- International Industrial Journal
- International Information & Library Sciences Journal
- International Information & Library Sciences Journal International Inorganic Chemistry Journal
- International Journal of Academic & Scholarly Research
- International Journal of Acoustics Research
- International Journal of Adult Education & Training
- International Journal of Advances in Agriculture
- International Journal of Advances in Behavioral Medicine
- International Journal of Advances in Clinical Psychology
- International Journal of Advances in Dentistry
- International Journal of Advances in Toxicology
- International Journal of Advertising, Marketing, & Public Relations
- International Journal of Aerospace & Defense
- International Journal of African Archaeology
- International Journal of African History
- International Journal of African Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of African Literature
- International Journal of African Religions
- International Journal of African Society & Culture
- International Journal of African Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Agnosticism
- International Journal of Alternative Energy
- International Journal of American History
- International Journal of American Literature
- International Journal of American Society & Culture
- International Journal of American Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Ancient History
- International Journal of Anesthesiology
- International Journal of Animal Agriculture
- International Journal of Anti-Aging Medical Research
- International Journal of Applied Consciousness Research
- International Journal of Applied Mathematics
- International Journal of Archaeological Enigmas
- International Journal of Archaeology Research & Exploration
- International Journal of Architectural History & Criticism
- International Journal of Art History
- International Journal of Art Theory & Criticism
- International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
- International Journal of Asian Archaeology
- International Journal of Asian History
- International Journal of Asian Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Asian Literature
- International Journal of Asian Religions
- International Journal of Asian Society & Culture
- International Journal of Asian Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Astrology
- International Journal of Astronomy & Space Sciences
- International Journal of Atheism
- International Journal of Ayurvedic Medicine Research & Practice
- International Journal of Bahá’í Faith
- International Journal of Bibliographies
- International Journal of Biochemistry Research & Innovation
- International Journal of Bioethics & Research Standards
- International Journal of Biological & Developmental Psychology
- International Journal of Biomedical Engineering
- International Journal of Biotechnology Research & Innovation
- International Journal of Botany Research & Innovation
- International Journal of Buddhism
- International Journal of Business & Trade Law
- International Journal of Business Management & Administration
- International Journal of Business Strategy & Tactics
- International Journal of Cell & Molecular Biology Research
- International Journal of Ceramic Arts
- International Journal of Chemical Engineering & Technology
- International Journal of Chemistry
- International Journal of Child Care & Rearing
- International Journal of Children’s Writing & Literature
- International Journal of Chinese History
- International Journal of Chinese Literature
- International Journal of Chinese Society & Culture
- International Journal of Christianity
- International Journal of Citizen Science & Innovation
- International Journal of Civil Engineering & Technology
- International Journal of Classical Music
- International Journal of Coaching & Team Management
- International Journal of Cognitive Psychology & Cognitive Science
- International Journal of Commerce & Trade
- International Journal of Commercial & Industrial Building
- International Journal of Communication Studies
- International Journal of Communications Technology
- International Journal of Comparative Religion
- International Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine
- International Journal of Computer Engineering & Technology
- International Journal of Computer Programming
- International Journal of Computer Security
- International Journal of Construction
- International Journal of Consumer & Home Economics
- International Journal of Consumer Product Manufacturing
- International Journal of Contemporary Archaeology
- International Journal of Contemporary Research in Biology
- International Journal of Criminal Investigation & Inquiry
- International Journal of Criminal Law
- International Journal of Crop Science
- International Journal of Cultural Psychology
- International Journal of Demographics
- International Journal of Diagnostics
- International Journal of Digital Art
- International Journal of Digital Photography
- International Journal of Early & Primary Education
- International Journal of Earth Science Advances
- International Journal of Ecology & the Environment
- International Journal of Economic Trends & Forecasting
- International Journal of Economics & Economic Analysis
- International Journal of Education & Training
- International Journal of Electrical Engineering Technology
- International Journal of Emergency Medicine
- International Journal of Engineering Physics
- International Journal of English Language Studies
- International Journal of English Literature
- International Journal of Entrepreneurship & E-Commerce
- International Journal of Environment & Conservation
- International Journal of Epidemiology & Public Health
- International Journal of Epistemology
- International Journal of Essays & Commentary
- International Journal of Ethics & Moral Philosophy
- International Journal of Ethnology & Ethnic Studies
- International Journal of European Archaeology
- International Journal of European History
- International Journal of European Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of European Literature
- International Journal of European Religions
- International Journal of European Society & Culture
- International Journal of European Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Evolutionary Biology Research
- International Journal of Exotic High Technology
- International Journal of Family Medicine & Practice
- International Journal of Fiction
- International Journal of Fiction Analysis
- International Journal of Film History
- International Journal of Fluid & Dynamic Systems
- International Journal of Folklore
- International Journal of Food & Beverage Production
- International Journal of Forestry
- International Journal of Games
- International Journal of Gastroenterology
- International Journal of Gay, Lesbian, & Transgender Studies
- International Journal of Genetics & Genetic Research
- International Journal of Geography
- International Journal of Geology & Hydrology
- International Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
- International Journal of Global Warming & Climate Change
- International Journal of Graphic Design
- International Journal of Higher Education
- International Journal of Hinduism
- International Journal of Historical Mysteries
- International Journal of History
- International Journal of Hobbies
- International Journal of Home & Family Life
- International Journal of Horticulture
- International Journal of Human Performance Enhancement
- International Journal of Humanistic Psychology
- International Journal of Immunology & Rheumatology
- International Journal of Indian History
- International Journal of Indian Literature
- International Journal of Indian Society & Culture
- International Journal of Industrial Manufacturing
- International Journal of Infectious & Emerging Diseases
- International Journal of Information Technology Research
- International Journal of Innovations in Engineering & Technology
- International Journal of Interior Decoration
- International Journal of Internal Medicine
- International Journal of Internet Industries
- International Journal of Internet Research
- International Journal of Investment Strategies & Analysis
- International Journal of Islam
- International Journal of Jainism & Jaina
- International Journal of Journalism & Media
- International Journal of Judaism
- International Journal of Landscape Architecture
- International Journal of Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Latin American Archaeology
- International Journal of Latin American History
- International Journal of Latin American Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Latin American Literature
- International Journal of Latin American Religions
- International Journal of Latin American Society & Culture
- International Journal of Latin American Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Law & Justice
- International Journal of Law Enforcement
- International Journal of Legal History & Analysis
- International Journal of Literary & Critical Theory
- International Journal of Literary Analysis & Comparative Literature
- International Journal of Literary History
- International Journal of Literary Reviews
- International Journal of Literature
- International Journal of Local Government Administration
- International Journal of Logic
- International Journal of Lost Libraries & Manuscripts
- International Journal of Macroeconomics
- International Journal of Mathematics & Mathematical Concepts
- International Journal of Medical History
- International Journal of Medical Research & Innovation
- International Journal of Medical Therapy & Therapeutics
- International Journal of Medicine & Medical Practice
- International Journal of Medieval History
- International Journal of Metaphysics
- International Journal of Microbiology & Parasitology
- International Journal of Microeconomics
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Archaeology
- International Journal of Middle Eastern History
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Literature
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Religions
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Society & Culture
- International Journal of Middle Eastern Women’s Interests & Issues
- International Journal of Military & Warfare Science
- International Journal of Military Medicine
- International Journal of Modern Accounting
- International Journal of Modern Applied Psychology
- International Journal of Modern Architecture
- International Journal of Modern History
- International Journal of Modern Music
- International Journal of Modern Nursing
- International Journal of Modern Pharmacology
- International Journal of Modern Photography
- International Journal of Museum Science
- International Journal of Music Theory & Analysis
- International Journal of Musical Instruments & Training
- International Journal of Mythology
- International Journal of Nanotechnology Development
- International Journal of National Government
- International Journal of Native American Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Negative & Null Results
- International Journal of Neurology & Neuroscience
- International Journal of New Age Beliefs
- International Journal of Nonprofit Organizations
- International Journal of North American Archaeology
- International Journal of North American History
- International Journal of North American Religions
- International Journal of Nuclear Engineering
- International Journal of Numerical Analysis
- International Journal of Nutrition & Dietetics
- International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Practice
- International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Health
- International Journal of Occupations & Careers
- International Journal of Oncology
- International Journal of Ophthalmology Research & Practice
- International Journal of Optical & Laser Systems
- International Journal of Optometry
- International Journal of Organic Chemistry Research
- International Journal of Otolaryngology Practice
- International Journal of Pacific Island Archaeology
- International Journal of Pacific Island History
- International Journal of Pacific Island Languages & Linguistics
- International Journal of Pacific Island Literature
- International Journal of Pacific Island Religions
- International Journal of Pacific Island Society & Culture
- International Journal of Pacific Island Women’s Interests Issues
- International Journal of Paganism & Neopaganism
- International Journal of Pain & Pain Medicine
- International Journal of Painting & Drawing
- International Journal of Painting Theory & Analysis
- International Journal of Paleontology
- International Journal of Paranormal Investigation
- International Journal of Parapsychology & Psi Research
- International Journal of Pathology
- International Journal of Peace & Conflict Resolution
- International Journal of Pediatrics & Pediatric Care
- International Journal of Performing Arts
- International Journal of Personal Relationships
- International Journal of Perspectives on Gender
- International Journal of Philosophical History
- International Journal of Philosophy
- International Journal of Photographic History & Analysis
- International Journal of Physical & Rehabilitative Medicine
- International Journal of Physical & Theoretical Chemistry
- International Journal of Physics Research
- International Journal of Physiology & Metabolism
- International Journal of Picotechnology
- International Journal of Poetry & Poems
- International Journal of Poetry Analysis
- International Journal of Political Science
- International Journal of Politics & Political Parties
- International Journal of Preventive Medicine Practice
- International Journal of Prints & Printmaking
- International Journal of Probability
- International Journal of Psychiatry
- International Journal of Psychology & Behavior Research
- International Journal of Public Policy & Administration
- International Journal of Publishing
- International Journal of Qi Energy Research
- International Journal of Quantum Mechanics
- International Journal of Radiology & Nuclear Medicine
- International Journal of Recreation & Leisure
- International Journal of Relativity
- International Journal of Religion
- International Journal of Religious Mysteries
- International Journal of Satire & Humor
- International Journal of Science & Nature
- International Journal of Science Fiction
- International Journal of Science History
- International Journal of Scientific Anomalies
- International Journal of Scientific Skepticism
- International Journal of Screenwriting
- International Journal of Sculpture
- International Journal of Secondary Education
- International Journal of Semiconductors
- International Journal of Sex & Sexuality
- International Journal of Short Stories
- International Journal of Sikhism
- International Journal of Soccer
- International Journal of Social & Civil Rights
- International Journal of Social Work & Social Welfare
- International Journal of Sociology & Social Psychology
- International Journal of Special Needs Teaching & Education
- International Journal of Speculations in Science & Technology
- International Journal of Sports & Athletics
- International Journal of Sports Medicine & Therapy
- International Journal of State & Provincial Government Administration
- International Journal of Statistics
- International Journal of Surgery & Surgical Practice
- International Journal of Systems of Government
- International Journal of Tax Law
- International Journal of Team Sports
- International Journal of Technical Writing
- International Journal of the Chemical Industry
- International Journal of the Classics
- International Journal of the Energy & Power Industry
- International Journal of the Entertainment Industry
- International Journal of the Food & Beverage Industry
- International Journal of the Health Care Industry
- International Journal of the History of Technology
- International Journal of the Insurance Industry
- International Journal of the Mining & Mineral Industry
- International Journal of the Oil & Gas Industry
- International Journal of the Pharmaceutical Industry
- International Journal of the Service Industry
- International Journal of the Shintō Religion
- International Journal of the Wholesale & Retail Industries
- International Journal of Theater & Plays
- International Journal of Topology
- International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine Research
- International Journal of Transportation
- International Journal of Travel
- International Journal of Unsolved Crimes
- International Journal of Urology & Urological Practice
- International Journal of Veterinary Medicine & Science
- International Journal of Wildlife Management & Conservation
- International Journal of Women’s Studies
- International Journal of Young Adult Writing & Literature
- International Journal of Zoology Research
- International Medical Physics Journal
- International Meteorology Research Journal
- International Optics Research Journal
- International Pharmacology Journal
- International Sports History Journal
- International Thermodynamics Research Journal
- 06/20/13--08:17: OMICS Creates Ghost Brands to Attract New Authors
- e-Clinical Central = http://www.eclinicalcentral.com/
- e-Medical Central = http://www.emedicalcentral.com/
- e-Pharma Central = http://www.epharmacentral.com/
- e-Science Central = http://www.esciencecentral.org/
- 07/03/13--09:19: Savvy Science Publisher Not So Savvy
- Global Journal of Oncologist
- Journal of Aging and Gerontology
- Journal of Nanotechnology in Diagnosis and Treatment
- Journal of Neurology and Epidemiology
- Journal of Ocular Diseases and Therapeutics
- 07/05/13--07:54: KY Publications — A Slimy New OA Publisher from India
- Bulletin of Mathematics and Statistics Research (BOMSR)
- Bulletin of Pharmaceutical and Medical Sciences (BOPAMS)
- International Journal of Applied Physics and Nanosciences (IJANS)
- International Journal of Engineering Research-Online (IJOER)
- International Journal of Environmental and Pollution Research (IJEPR)
- Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL)
Thanks to tips sent in by scientists and researchers, I learn about several new questionable publishers and independent journals each week. In this blog post, I highlight three questionable publishers that I recently learned about and added to my list.
1. Today Science purports to be owned by a bogus organization called the Science and Education Centre of North America. This center was probably established (if it even actually exists) to help make the publisher look more legitimate.
Today Science publishes four journals: International Education Research, Agricultural Science, Global Review of Economics, and Journal of Business and Management. Two of these titles are unoriginal and currently in use by other journals. The publisher is headquartered at 2050 Bridletowne Circle in Toronto, Ontario, which is a high-rise condominium.
One of the rotating images on the sites main page un-idiomatically declares, “We call for papers.” Most of the editorial board members are from Asia, and only a couple are from Canada.
I fully expect this publisher to increase its journal portfolio. There are about a dozen publishers based in Ontario that match this publisher’s method of operation.
2. Science Publishing Group is notable for two things: spam and possible trademark abuse.
This publisher is currently unapologetically engaged in a massive spam campaign. They are spamming researchers all over the world soliciting manuscripts and editorial board applications. They may be harvesting email addresses themselves or they may be purchasing lists from companies that specialize in selling email addresses.
The publisher unabashedly uses the logo for the Google Chrome browser as its logo. Do they think no one will notice?
Science Publishing Group has 52 brand-new journal titles, yet none has any content. It has four education titles, which is rare for a questionable publisher. How will the educational research community — one with many society publishers — respond to these journals?
This publisher claims it’s located at 548 Fashion Avenue in New York, but I think that’s either a fake address or the address of a mail-forwarding agency.
3. Business Journalz (BJ) claims to be published by an organization called Global Research Society (sounds impressive, no?) in Essex, U.K., but their domain name registration data lists a Hong Kong address. They claim “chapters” in several other countries.
Of course, this publisher stands out for the clever and cool spelling “Journalz,” which it uses to draw attention (and author fees) to itself. The initialism “BJ” is unfortunate in American English at least and reminds one of the need to hire consultants when developing new brands, for pleasant terms in one language or dialect may be offensive in others.
This publisher has been publishing since 2011. It has three journals that publish monthly.
denverjeffreyblog post 2012-11-26-Ablog post 2012-11-26-Bblog post 2012-11-26-C
Archives des sciences is a reputable journal that has been hijacked online. There are two websites for the journal, a real one and an impostor one that is run by criminals.
The real journal is published by the Société de Physique et d’Histoire Naturelle (SPHN).
The authentic journal website is located here: http://www.unige.ch/sphn/Publications/Archives.html
The impostor journal website is located here: http://www.archiveofscience.com/
If you search the journal by title on Google, unfortunately the impostor site is the first to appear. Until recently, the authentic journal had little online presence. The impostor site has hijacked the authentic journal’s ISSN and impact factor. It uses what appears to be a correct street address, but because it conducts most transactions online, the physical address is unimportant.
This hijacking of a respected scholarly journal is an affront to scholarly communication. The authentic journal is now warning people (in French and English) about the fraud. The English version says,
The website http://archiveofscience.com (or http://www.archiveofscience.com/, or also http://sciencesarchive.com or http://www.sciencesarchive.com; changing with time) IS NOT the official website of the journal Archives des Sciences published by the SPHN.
This website criminally usurps the identity of the official journal, using fraudulent means (false editorial board, false addresses, false publication requirements, etc.) in order to encourage scientists to publish articles through finalcial [sic] contribution.
The SPHN is not liable for any offense undergone by potential authors who would have submitted and published scientific articles via the website mentioned above.
The SPHN did not know about this issue until a few weeks after I wrote about it in early September of this year. Later, the offending website was blocked from the Internet in Switzerland, leading the society to falsely conclude the problem had disappeared. Meanwhile, some legal action taken in the U.S. has forced the impostors to include text on their website stating that they are not part of the real journal, yet the bogus website continues to steal the original journal’s identity.
If anybody knows how to shut down a corrupt website, please take or recommend action on this as soon as possible.
denverjeffreyArchives des SciencesThe authentic one.
In late 2012, I was the victim of criminal impersonation. Someone sent out emails that looked like they were from me, asking for money to remove a publisher from my list. The technique they used is called email spoofing.
British journalist Richard Poynder recently wrote a blog post about the case, a blog post that contains an interview with Egyptian national Aly Ashry, who runs Ashdin Publishing in Belgium. Ashdin is listed on my list of predatory publishers, a listing I stand by and confirm.
In the blog post/interview, Mr. Aly states,
There is no plagiarism or self-plagiarism in any of our journals. All Ashdin articles are original, and it is easy for our editors and reviewers to detect plagiarism and reject any article containing it. Each accepted article will have been passed by 2 reviewers and 2 editors before it is accepted.
This statement is false.
The article “Gaseous Pollutants Formation and Their Harmful Effects on Health and Environment” by Yousef S. H. Najjar and published in the Ashdin journal Innovative Energy Policies, volume 1 (2011). doi:10.4303/iep/E101203 contains significant plagiarism.
The article contains this passage immediately after the abstract (p. ):
Unfortunately, this text is taken verbatim from page 37 of the textbook Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach, 4th ed., 2002, by Yunus A. Cengel and Michael Boles. ISBN 9780072549041.
The citations in the passage in the article do not refer to the book but to other sources and are therefore false. In my opinion, this article should be retracted. Ashdin’s other journals contain additional examples of plagiarism. I recommend that scholars do not serve on Ashdin Publishing’s editorial boards, and I recommend that they not submit articles to the publisher.
denverjeffreyA publisher to avoid.The plagiarized text.The original text.
In earlier blog posts I’ve described and documented examples of OMICS Group’s unethical practices, including sending personal invitations to potential authors to submit manuscripts without informing them of the author fees, only to invoice them after their papers get quickly accepted. This was also reported in an article published by the Chronicle of Higher Education called “‘Predatory’ Online Journals Lure Scholars Who Are Eager to Publish.”
Now new evidence has surfaced revealing that OMICS, which is also in the business of organizing scientific conferences, has been 1) using the names of scientists, oftentimes without their permission, to invite participants to their meetings, 2) promoting their meetings by giving them names that are deceptively similar to other well-established meetings that have been held for years by scientific societies, and 3) refusing to refund registration fees, even if their meetings are cancelled.
First, OMICS implies that its editorial board members are conference organizers by placing their names and photographs on their conference web pages, and by sending email invitations to their meetings which are “signed” by members of the editorial boards. However, many of these people never agreed to be meeting organizers, and some have never even agreed to be become OMICS editorial board members.
For example, one scientist who does not wish to be named wrote the following to OMICS:
“I have requested/demanded resignation from this Editorial board several times, via emails and phone calls. I have also been promised that my name would be pulled off the Editorial Board and all forms of events associated with OMICS. I am extremely disappointed and outraged to learn that you still list me as a member. Here, I request again, take an immediate action to remove my name from the editorial board!”
Finally, after several phone calls, the scientist’s name was removed and she was assured that it would no longer be used. However, just four days later OMICS sent email invitations to one of their meetings which included her name as one of the signers, implying the invitation came from her and other editorial board members.
Second, the web pages for OMICS meetings list names and photographs of their “Organizing Committee Members,” but many of the scientists that appear on these pages never agreed to be participants, and some were reportedly shocked to see themselves represented as such. One scientist, who was surprised to see that OMICS had posted his name and photo on their website, along with other “organizers,” determined that OMICS did so after a colleague had mistakenly submitted a presentation to an OMICS meeting. After the submission was received, OMICS presented both of them as meeting organizers without their knowledge.
Next, OMICS intentionally gives its conferences names that are similar to the names of longstanding, authentic conferences held by scientific societies. For example, OMICS uses the name Entomology-2013 for one of its conferences, the same name (minus the hyphen) that the Entomological Society of America (ESA) uses for its annual meeting. Moreover, ESA plans to host the International Congress of Entomology (ICE) in 2016 in Orlando, Florida. Coincidentally (or not?), OMICS uses a very similar name, the “International Conference of Entomology,” for its meeting, also to be held in Orlando.
This has led to obvious confusion among entomologists, some of whom believe they are participating with ESA meetings after receiving solicitations from OMICS. The scientists mentioned above, who were listed as OMICS organizers without their permission, wrote in an email:
“I think we were duped into thinking this was the ICE meetings. Dr. [XXX] in Switzerland asked me to co-host a session so I think this is where it originated from … Dr. [XXX], I suggest you look at the links below and you will see that we were indeed duped. The folks who contacted you about a session in FL in 2013 are NOT associated with ICE.”
Sometimes OMICS improbably organizes multiple conferences at the same hotel at the same time. For example, the screenshot above shows four conferences that were held simultaneously from December 3-5, 2012 at the same hotel in Philadelphia.
Also, a close look at OMICS’ conference registration policy shows that they never grant refunds for registration fees — even if they themselves cancel or postpone the conference. Instead, they grant a credit for other OMICS conferences.
I strongly recommend, in the strongest terms possible, that all scholars from all countries avoid doing business in any way with the OMICS Group. Do not submit papers. Do not agree to serve on their editorial boards. Do not register for or attend their conferences.
Also, be aware that OMICS has established a separate brand called SciTechnol that operates much the same as OMICS. OMICS may be experimenting with additional web brands designed to funnel people to the OMICS web pages.
denverjeffreyStay Away From OMICS' ConferencesAssembly line of conferences.
Guest blog post by Kenneth Witwer.
Kenneth Witwer is an assistant professor of pathobiology in the Baltimore, Maryland area. The views and opinions expressed in this post are his own and do not necessarily reflect the policies or positions of his employer or any associated entity.
The India-based OMICS company publishes open access journals and organizes conferences. The group has been criticized previously on this website and elsewhere for predatory publishing practices. The OMICS website lists no fewer than 273 titles in its family of journals, along with approximately 80 conferences to be held during the next 10 months at locations from Hyderabad, India, to “Raliegh, [sic] USA”. With such a far-flung empire, it is perhaps not surprising that OMICS would also have a social media presence. And given the questionable practices of OMICS, one might expect some degree of internet hijinx. I was nevertheless bemused by the gratuity and needlessness of the deception practiced by OMICS, which I recently uncovered by accident on a popular networking website, as well as by some bizarrely anti-science content on another site.
Last week, my LinkedIn inbox was spammed repeatedly by OMICS, whose putative employees asked me to join newly created groups such as “Molecualr [sic] Biology MBL” (perhaps meant to be reminiscent of the Woods Hole MBL, but misspelled). These groups typically comprised only one or two members (at least as of February 2, 2013) and had no background information or description. I noticed with curiosity that the OMICS representatives who contacted me had male, largely untraceable names like “Eric White,” “Richard Martin,” “Michael Smith,” and “Kevin Johnson,” even though all OMICS employees I have communicated with in the past were from the Asian subcontinent…and all but one were female.
When I examined the profiles of these employees, it became clear that the accounts were pseudonymous and had been created from a single template. If taken at face value, the profiles showed that employees had obtained their education at a leisurely pace from “1990 – 2008.” They had earned college degrees in subjects like “Psychology, A” and “Library Science, A” (showing tremendous initiative in several cases, since these majors do not exist at their universities). Each also had wonderfully alphabetic hobbies, such as “Judo, Jujitsu, Jump Rope.” Unfortunately, none listed grammar as an interest, and despite their lengthy education, each OMICS employee maintained an inability to use punctuation, spacing, or capitalization correctly.
Here are the LinkedIn profiles of some OMICS “employees”:
Irvington High School
San Diego State University, Psychology, A
1990 – 2008
Hi my name is Eric White,working in Psychology department.
Activities and Societies: Lacrosse, Line Dancing, Marathon.
American High School
San Francisco State University, Library Science, A
1990 – 2008
Hi my name is Kevin Jackson,working in Science department.
Activities and Societies: Shovel Snow, Sit Ups, Snowshoeing.
[SFSU does not offer a Library Science degree.]
Mission San Jose High School
California State University, Stanislaus, Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies, A
1990 – 2008
Hi my name is Richard Martin,working in fitness department.
Activities and Societies: Step Aerobics, Street Hockey, Surfing.
[Cal State Stanislaus has no such major or department.]
Berkeley Unified School District
California Maritime Academy, Computer Science, A
1990 – 2008
Hi my name is Michael smith. Working in science department. I am an event organizer.
Activities and Societies: Basketball Beach Volleyball Biking
[Cal Maritime has no computer science major or science department.]
Alameda High School
California Maritime Academy, Computer Science, A
1990 – 2008
Hi my name is Jason Williams.working in science department.
Activities and Societies: Judo, Jujitsu, Jump Rope
[Cal Maritime has no computer science major or science department.]
Horizon High School
Concordia University Irvine, Irvine, Family and Consumer Sciences/ Human Sciences, A
1990 – 2012
Hi my name is Justin Gonzalez,working in Consumer Science department.
Activities and Societies: Clean the house, Clean the pool, Community Service Projects.
[Concordia has no such major…and really?...clean the pool?]
I am unclear on whether the creator(s) of these fake accounts would have had to pay to send me a message—an “InMail”—through LinkedIn. Nor do I understand what the purpose of this group-building campaign would be, or why a legitimate OMICS employee would not use his or her real name to promote the organization.
Just as inscrutable as OMICS’ LinkedIn push is the purpose of the OMICS Facebook page, which is updated with three or four new posts each day. Most are links to one of the many OMICS family journals. The few comments to these posts are usually spam…and verbose spam at that (“I Work About 10-13 Hours A Week From Home And I Basically Make About $18,000-$19,000 A Month Online”). However, apparently original blurbs on famous scientists (e.g., Benjamin Franklin and Alexander Graham Bell) are also provided on the page, interspersed with unintentionally interesting descriptions of animals. The avid reader will learn, for example, that,
“The ‘Bu’ bristled baby is a cuddly animal, and the internet contains cuddly pictures of such animals that are available for download or viewing little animals that look sweet and touches the heart. Various funny videos are also available” (January 9, 2013)…
…and that the farmed fox in Russia
“has curly tails like most of the cats and dogs due to the breeding” (January 30, 2013).
Unfortunately, the OMICS Facebook account sometimes ventures beyond the innocuous and silly and into a dangerously anti-science realm. A post on January 24, 2013 included an anti-vaccination diatribe. To give a flavor:
“Vaccinations usually have several components thought to be harmful, such as formaldehyde, genetically combined microbes, adjuvants of nut, mercury and more. In such circumstances, parents are usually faced with the question of going ahead. The risk is carried by the children and their families, while the government authorities are not in any mood to address the danger. Health officials and pediatricians also follow the suit. Standard emergency care is usually advised for an injury emanating from vaccination.”
The post ended with commentary copied at length (and without attribution) from an anti-vaccine blog.
In conclusion, the social media presence of OMICS seems completely consonant with Jeffrey Beall’s observations of the group as a whole. OMICS’ antics and tactics appear to be inconsistent with the promotion of science. Those who value science and transparency should avoid contact—or, for some of us, further contact—with this group.
denverjeffreyOMICS Group's presence on LinkedIn
A report entitled “Legitimacy of citations in predatory publishing: The case of proliferation of papers by Serbian authors in two Bosnian WoS‐indexed journals” was published in late 2012. Written by Pero Šipka,, the report looks at the questionable self-citation practices of four journals published by a Sarajavo-based organization known as DRUNPP. The shadowy organization publishes five journals according to its website:
Page 5 of the report details and summarizes its findings:
The publisher DRUNPP is included on my list of predatory publishers. The publisher’s name is an initialism in Bosnian, but I cannot figure out what it is. The English name is Society for Development of Teaching and Business Processes in New Net Environment in B&H.
This case is evidence that just because a journal in included in Thomson Reuter’s Journal Citation Reports database (that is, journals with an official impact factor) doesn’t mean it’s a quality journal.
We commend Dr. Šipka for his work on this project and the Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science for publishing it.
The report’s citation:
Šipka, P., (2012). Legitimacy of citations in predatory publishing: the case of proliferation of papers by Serbian authors in two Bosnian WoS‐indexed journals. CEES Occasional Paper Series ; no. 2012‐12‐2. Retrieved from http://www.ceon.rs/ops/12122 ISBN 978‐86‐89475‐00‐5
denverjeffreyThe report's cover.
Sometimes, we are able to gather direct evidence of how predatory publishers operate. In this case we received primary information about the operation of the Journal of International Management Studies.
This journal markets itself as a standalone journal, but we think it is really one of three published by the same, unnamed firm. The other two journals the firm publishes are:
The three journals are also co-marketed with a conference called Global Business & International Management Conference. I blogged about this firm a year ago.
We got a copy of one of this journal’s acceptance letters:
Dear Dr. [Redacted]/Dr. [Redacted],
Thank you very much for your submission to JIMS. We are pleased to inform you that your paper has been reviewed by two reviewers, and accepted for publication. Enclosed is the registration form of your paper, “[Redacted]” from JIMS. Please follow the payment guideline to ensure your publication. Please inform us after the check is delivered.
After the payment is received, we will e-mail you an official acceptance letter and the receipt of payment immediately.
In addition, your paid paper will be published in The Journal of International Management Studies (JIMS) Vol. 8, Num.1, April 2013.
Thank you for making The Journal of International Management Studies a vehicle for your research interests.
Secretary of Journal of International Management Studies (JIMS)
The significant thing about this letter is the reference to the peer review. Note that there are no comments from the “reviewers”. It really looks like no review occurred at all. Also, the letter is written in poor and confused English, and it’s all about the money.
Also included with this email to the authors was this document [PDF]. It lists the location where the $776 check is to be sent: 16085 NW Ridgetop Lane, Beaverton, OR 97006-7718, USA. We assume that is the home of Gloria Wang, the person who signed the email reprinted above. Here’s the house:
In his email to me, the paper’s co-author said this:
I hope all is well. I was recently approved for publication but never knew I’d have to pay a fee to be published. As I now educate myself with your site, pls advise if this is a legitimate publication. I do appreciate it. Thx.
I attached the payment form as well. Looks odd…
I agree. This is very fishy. This is gold open-access publishing. I recommend that scholars avoid any association with these three journals and their corresponding conference.
denverjeffrey Journal of International Management StudiesJIMS
The English word epitome can mean, according to Wictionary, “The embodiment or encapsulation of” or “A representative example.” Here I want to describe a publisher that is the epitome of predatory publishers.
The publisher is IJCRM. This India-based publisher is among the lowest-quality publishers I’ve seen. Some of its articles are a dumping ground of plagiarism. It’s clear that this publisher does not check for plagiarism prior to publishing its articles.
On its website, the publisher has trouble distinguishing among singular and plural and possessive. The site describes itself as a journal — indeed, IJCRM means International Journal of Research in Commerce & Management. However, this publisher has four journals in its portfolio:
The titles of the four journals are absurdly similar — it didn’t take a lot of time for someone to come up with them.
I think that this publisher is basically a one-man operation. He is Surender Kumar Poonia, a guy with an MBA. To make his scheme look legitimate, Poonia has concocted an elaborate hierachy of officials for his publishing business. It includes people at all these levels:
Editorial Advisory Board
Poomia is the lone person at the lowest level, superintendent, but we think he is really the “man behind the curtain” for this publisher.
We found a couple of the other characters interesting. The Chief Patron is Prof. K.K. Aggarwal, and, accordiong to his bio, “In 1975, he rose to the level of Professor at an age of 27½ years, probably the youngest person in the world to have achieved this level.” Very impressive.
We also found the information about the firm’s Investment Consultant to be captivating:
Don’t mess with Neena.
It’s very easy to find plagiarism among this publisher’s journals. Give it a try. Randomly select an article, find a phrase that is written in standard English, and search it as a phrase in Google. If you get any hits from other sources, it’s a good bet that you’ve discovered some plagiarism. But don’t tell Neena.
denverjeffreyIJCRM means International Journal of Research in Commerce & ManagementNeena
Science Record is a Delaware-based publisher of ten scholarly journals. This publisher now appears to be a toll-access publisher, and each article listed has a “purchase” link, but none of the links actually leads to anything.
Many of the journal’s table of contents pages are populated by titles, authors, and abstracts from previously-published legitimate journals. Here’s an example:
This article is listed here, on the Science Record website in their journal entitled Science and Nature.
This article was originally published here in the Elsevier journal Advances in International Accounting:
What’s happening is that Science Record is filling up past issues of its journals with metadata from other publishers. They are doing this to make it looks like their journals have a longer publishing history than they really do.
Another publisher that uses this tactic is the International Center for Business Research. This publisher actually copies the text of other publisher’s articles and re-titles them.
Finally, it looks like Science Record Journals may be using a title that was already in use by another journal. The title Science Series Data Report refers to a journal here and to one that used to be published in the U.K.
List of Science Record journals as of April 1, 2013
denverjeffreyadd captionCopied from Elsevier. The original version.
The journal Bradleya, published by the British Cactus and Succulent Society appears to have been hijacked. Journal hijacking is the process of maliciously setting up a duplicate website for a respected journal and then inviting article submissions for the legitimate journal on the hijacked page.
The hijackers make money by collecting the author fees on the submitted papers. In this case, the hijackers are not making any material available open access; each article listed on the site has an abstract but no full text. There is a “BUY NOW” button with each abstract. So they are potentially making money by selling articles as well.
Volumes 1-5 (1983-1987) copy the original Bradleya tables of contents. Then there is a gap, and then volumes 28-31 (2010-2013) apear. The later issues have abstracts for articles covering diverse scientific topics. The ISSN and impact factor from the authentic journal are copied on the bogus journal’s website.
The hijacked site has a new scope and claims “The journal publishes experimental and theoretical results of research on, amongst other topics, semiconductors, magnetic materials, and applied biophysics.”
Bradleya is actually the society’s yearbook, published once a year. I sent a message to the society informing them of this but have not received a reply. I am unable to determine who is behind this hijacking.
denverjeffreyBradleya impostor. Bradleya good
On April, 8, I was quoted in a New York Times article about questionable open-access publishers and questionable conferences. Since that day I’ve been happy to receive many emails, some with suggestions about possible publishers and standalone journals to add to my lists.
Below are three publishers and two standalone journals that I added to my lists after completing an analysis of each. For each I’ve listed the name, a representative image, a selection of the reasons for including the publisher / journal on my list, and a short discussion.
1. Scribes Guild:
Reasons for inclusion:
Discussion: This publisher has a spare website with its format copied from existing sites. It was probably created in a single sitting. This publisher is part of a recent surge of similar operations coming from Nigeria.
Reasons for inclusion:
Discussion: I cannot figure out where this publisher is based. It uses the ubiquitous Open Journals Systems software, a favorite of low-quality publishers. Its servers are slow, and some of its journals, such as the International Journal of Advanced Mechanic [sic] Engineering still lack any content.
Reasons for inclusion:
Discussion: This publisher is from Malaysia (which it clearly states). I am not sure why this publisher plasters the Elsevier, Thomson Reuters, and other logos on its web pages. The name, Design for Scientific Renaissance, is contrived and corny.
Reasons for inclusion:
Discussion: This journal is trying to be a mega-journal and wants to accept practically any article that might match or come remotely close to its scope. The world does not need another journal on this topic; there are too many already. This is likely a one-man operation in which the man wants to do an hour’s work every day and watch the money roll in.
Reasons for inclusion:
Discussion: This journal is brand new and lacks any content. It shows three issues as being published, but this is just a ruse. In fact, the three issues each have a table of contents and abstracts listed and no full text. The article titles and abstracts are lifted from other publications. An example is the article Rough logic for building a landmine classifier from volume 1, issue 6 of this journal, an article that originally appeared here.
Conclusion: These are only a few of the publishers I’ve added to my list in April. The numbers of questionable journals and publishers are surging. Every day I receive new “nominations” from concerned scholars. The increasing predominance of predatory publishers in the scholarly open-access publishing industry seriously threatens the future of the open-access movement.
denverjeffreyScribes GuildInternational Journal Publishers Group Design for Scientific Renaissance International Journal of Medicine and Biosciences (IJMB) International Journal of Trends in Economics Management and Technology (IJTEMT)
Recently launched, and with 66 brand-new journals, Horizon Research Publishing Corporation carefully hides its headquarters location on its website. The “contact us” page does not list any location.
Its spam email is signed, “Horizon Research Publishing, USA,” but I doubt it’s really from the United States. The publisher uses the URL http://zj.nkwww.com/, which is registered to Wanlun Guo in Linyi, Shandong, China. So apparently this is a Chinese operation and the spam email is misrepresenting the publisher’s true location. [See a copy of the spam email in Appendix B, below.]
None of the 66 journals has any content yet, and none appears to have editorial boards either. Horizon is currently engaged in a massive spam email campaign to recruit editorial board members. Strangely all the journals have live “Submit manuscript” buttons, so the publisher seems willing to accept papers despite not having any established editorial boards.
Its Twitter account has ten followers and its Facebook page has one “like,” an indication that this is a new operation. The publisher’s logo is a stylized unicorn.
I found this on one of the firm’s FAQ pages:
Q2: How can I know the status of my paper?
A: Please send your paper title and paper ID to firstname.lastname@example.org. The editorial assistant (Alice Bella) will give you a promote response within 48 hours.
I think that “Alice” and “Bella” are two figures from contemporary popular culture, so this seems like a contrived name to me. Also, the answer is ungrammatical.
The journals cover a broad array of disciplines, and each has a broad scope within its particular field. This dual strategy means that pretty much every scientific article has a potential place in the publisher’s portfolio. Each journal’s home page is similar to all the others; they all were built off the same template.
The publisher is waiving all article processing charges through July, 2013 and will then charge $150 per article, not an unreasonable fee.
I don’t think the world needs another 66 OA jorunals with broad scopes. The publisher’s use of “USA” in its spam may be an attempt to mislead. I recommend against joining these editorial boards and against submitting any papers to this publisher.
Appendix A: List of Horizon Publishing Journals as of May 1, 2013:
Appendix B: Example of spam email sent out by Horizon Publishing in April, 2013:
To: “—” <[redacted]>>
Sent: April 26, 2013 9:55 AM
Subject: Horizon Research Publishing: Call for Editorial Board Members/Reviewers/Editor-in-Chief
Horizon Research Publishing (HRPUB) is a worldwide open access publisher serving the academic research and scientific communities by launching peer-reviewed journals covering a wide range of academic disciplines.
We are seeking to establish a new international Editorial Board. If this experience sounds interesting to you, please complete the downloadable application form, and send it to email@example.com<mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Apply for Membership ( Editorial Board Members / Reviewers / Editor-in-Chief )
(1) Download <http://www.hrpub.org/download/HRPUB_Membership_Application_Form.pdf> the membership application form .
(2) Complete and send the application form to email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org> .
Look forward to receiving your application.
Horizon Research Publishing , USA
If you no longer wish to receive email from us, please click this link<http://service.hrpubmail.org/lists/?p=unsubscribe&uid=21d3b7784f5fcc09fad4ca1c0ff61ca0>
[End of blog post]
denverjeffreyHorizon Publishing Corporation
We recently learned about the Canadian Science and Technology Press Inc. a scholarly publisher with six brand-new scholarly journals. The journal lists an address in the Toronto, Ontario suburb of Richmond Hill. Only two of the six journals have any content. One, the Canadian Journal of Plant Protection, has published two issues. The other one with content is the Canadian Journal of Plant Breeding, which has published one issue.
Unfortunately, both journals have published content that originally appeared in other publications. For example, the Canadian Journal of Plant Protection includes the article “In vitro evaluation of some chemicals and plant extracts against colony growth of Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum causing bacterial blight of cotton” in its first issue. This same article was previously published in another journal, namely vol. 3, no. 1 of the European Journal of Experimental Biology, published by Pelagia Research Library, another publisher on my list. So, this is an instance of duplicate publication.
One of the new journals the Canadian Science and Technology Press is launching is called Scientific Canadian. This name is already in use by a prominent blog, so it appears the publisher is trying to “borrow” some of the blog’s name recognition value. The publisher indicates it is an open-access publisher but doesn’t disclose what its author processing charges will be. Also, it is unclear who is really behind this operation.
The publisher displays a page counter on its pages. When I first began examining the publisher, most of the page views were close to 70,000. Now, a couple days later, they are all around 80,000. I don’t think the counters are honest.
I recommend against submitting papers to this publisher or agreeing to serve on its editorial boards. There are many operations similar to this one in Canada, which is becoming a very popular place for low-quality, predatory publishers.
Appendix: List of journals published by the Canadian Science and Technology Press Inc. as of May 6, 2013
denverjeffreyCanadian Science and Technology Press Inc.Scientific Canadian
I regularly receive emails from new open-access publishers asking me to add their publisher or journal to one of my lists.
My lists include publishers and standalone journals that I have found to be predatory or questionable in their practices, so it’s odd that a publisher would request inclusion.
I assume they do it because they are trying to promote their publications and just go through some list of websites, sending the same boilerplate email to all the email addresses on the list. In their rush to make money, predatory publishers typically pay little attention to important details.
I investigate each journal or publisher, finding that in most cases they merit inclusion on my list. I’m delighted to fulfill their requests, carefully archiving a copy of each email so that in a possible future lawsuit, I can say, “Hey, you ASKED to be placed on my list.”
Here is one such request I received on May 8, 2013:
Hello And Good Evening Mr. Jeffrey Beall,
My name is Samuel Rivero and i am working as a internee for International Journal of Biology, the reason why i am sending you this e-mail is because i was hoping that if you can add our Journal’s name on this page: http://scholarlyoa.com/individual-journals/
The aim of IJOBIO is to publish peer reviewed research and review articles in rapidly developing field of all biological research areas. This journal is an online journal having full access to the research and review paper. The journal aims to cover the latest outstanding developments in the field of all biological Research Areas specifically in the following branches.
Keep in mind we are a non-profit organization and we mostly provide Journal publication services to 3rd world countries. It’ll be a huge favor if you can add the name of our journal in the “Individual Journals” list.
URL of our journal: http://www.ijobio.com
Upon investigating this standalone journal, I discovered deceit.
The journal uses the nickname International Journal of Bio, and most of the claims in the email are false.
The new journal has “published” four issues, but upon closer examination, it really hasn’t. It’s a ruse. Among the four issues, there are only six articles. At least some of them are copied from the former BioMed Central (BMC) journal called the Journal of Biology. In 2010, this journal merged with BMC Biology, and the merged journal is called BMC Biology.
Here’s an example:
The publisher of the new journal has taken previously-published articles and edited them, changing some of the words, and published them as new original articles in the journal.
What a scam! I can’t figure out where this journal is based, and my reply email to “Samuel Rivero” bounced back. Do not submit to this journal. Be wary of all OA journals.
denverjeffreyInternational Journal of Biology
Based in Hilo, Hawaii, the Institute for Business and Finance Research publishes eight business journals and organizes a regularly-occurring conference called Global Conference for Business and Finance that rotates among places like Honolulu, Las Vegas, and Costa Rica.
One unique thing about this publisher is that it is successfully exploiting the Latin American market. Two of its journals, the Revista Internacional Administración & Finanzas and the Revista Global de Negocios, are published in Spanish. Like its English-language journals, these have a broad coverage. Most of the publisher’s website is also available in Spanish.
The publisher claims that “Each of our Journals is distributed in print and through EBSCO Host, providing access to the journal content in more than 70 countries.” Indeed, I was able to access some of the journals through my library’s EBSCO subscription.
However, I was unable to access the full text of any of the journal articles through the website. Each journal has a link to “sample past issues,” but these samples only include the first page of each article. So the journals are not open-access.
On the other hand, I was able to access the conference proceedings through the publisher’s site, but they are only available to download as a single-file PDF, and these average around 18 MB.
The publisher charges page fees for its journals — $25 per page with a minimum of $300. It also offers an expedited review service. It says,
We have introduced an expedited review process. Our expedited review process is intended to provide faculty going for tenure and/or promotion a quick response regarding the possibility of publishing their paper in one of our journals. The fee is $100 and the initial review process will be completed in two weeks.
So, the publisher charges an article processing charge, plus an optional, expedited review fee, even though its journals are not open-access.
The Latin American Angle
The publisher has become very popular with Latin American business academics, especially in Mexico.
A Mexican researcher who asked that his name not be used told me, “I am convinced there are many wrong things with this publisher. That only increases my concern as in the last three years there has been an authentic stampede of people trying to publish in IBFR journals. Perhaps all their papers were accepted.”
The journals claim to have low acceptance rates. For example, the journal Accounting & Taxation claims, “The Journal acceptance rate is between 5 and 15 percent.” Looking at the content, and given the competition among business journals, I don’t see how this could be true.
The domain-name registration of the Institute for Business and Finance Research lists Mercedes Jalbert. Her husband Terrance Jalbert is a professor of finance at the University of Hawaii at Hilo. Some sources indicate that Mercedes used to work at Jayco Travel and Tours. Terrance is listed as the “academic editor” of each of the firm’s journals; Mercedes is listed as managing editor of each. No editor-in-chief is listed.
It appears that the “Institute” is not really an institute at all but rather just a highly-profitable company catering to authors needing quick and easy publications, editorial board service, and conference presentations. Apparently, editorial board service is awarded to authors who have paid to publish in the journals or paid to attend the conferences. Also, I am told the “best paper awards” given at the conferences are determined by raising hands, so if your paper has several co-authors you can all vote for your own paper and win.
I recommend against submitting papers to this publisher’s journals and against attending their conferences.
Appendix: List of Institute for Business and Finance Research Journals as of May, 2013
denverjeffreyInstitute for Business and Finance Research Journals
I recently discovered a new publisher called Recent Science, a scholarly publisher with 38 journals in its portfolio, some of which duplicate other publishers’ titles. According to Recent Science, every one of its journals has earned an impact factor, even though none has any content.
It’s possible that this publishing operation is still being set up. In investigating this publisher, I found R & S Publications, a publisher that uses Google Sites as its platform. It has all the same journal titles as Recent Science. It lists its address as:
R & S Publications, P.O. Box 957
Offshore Incorporations Centre,
Road Town, Tortola, British Virgin Islands
Recent Science does not list any headquarters address, and this new site may be an attempt to improve on the R & S Publications, using a real platform and not Google Sites. Still, both sites are poorly made and contain boastful information (such as the impact factors) that is not verifiable.
Recent Science promises a quick turnaround time for its review process. It states:
“We are committed to provide quicker decision dates for the articles submitted to us. We on an average take 15 to 17 days to process the articles submitted to us.”
Regarding article processing charges, the publisher states,
“Recent Science Publications charge authors a simple fee of 150.00 USD for publishing their articles and rendering it in our content rendering platforms. The fee is for a typical article of 5 pages. If the article exceeds the page limit, an additional fee might be levied on the author … “
In what field is a typical article five pages? Other boastful information the publisher makes includes this gem:
“We have about 1,300 staff in the UK, US, Spain, India, China, Singapore and Australia. We publish nearly 100+ journals with about 20 new journals annually. So generally, our progress is the combination of many relatively small but exciting events. The sheer range and quality of new titles we are producing is phenomenal.”
Much of the information about the individual journals seems like it’s made up. For example, the International Journal of Alternative Medicine states that it started in 1992, has published 85 issues in 17 volumes, has an impact factor of 1.8 and in 2011 published 369 out of 397 papers submitted. It appears that this information is all contrived and false. There is no record for the journal in WorldCat. The journal is not found in Journal Citation Reports. The publisher does not list tables of contents from earlier volumes, nor are any editorial boards listed. Links to article content on the publisher’s website all lead to a page requesting a login and password.
I cannot determine where this publisher is based. The Tortola address is probably just the “offshore incorporation address,” an indication that the real operations occur elsewhere. The amount of apparently false information on the site is disturbing. I recommend against submitting papers to this publisher.
Appendix: Recent Science journals as of 2013-06-02
denverjeffreyRecent ScienceRecent Science
The International Journal Network is a new, open-access publisher that includes over 350 journals in its portfolio. The publisher’s main page lists San Francisco as its location, but its domain name is registered to Adam Curry at 4401 Roland Ave., Suite 405 in Baltimore, Maryland.
There is a residential condominium at that address. The publisher’s “contact us” page lists no location information.
On its main page, the publisher promises an acceptance decision within two weeks and charges a refundable, $65 review fee. If a paper is rejected, the $65 is refunded, but I doubt that many papers will be rejected. It is unclear if there is an article processing charge for accepted manuscripts in addition to this review fee.
Each journal’s submission page says this:
You understand that altough [sic] most materials are assessed within 7 days, this duration is non-binding. A paper may require more than 7 days to review and provide a decision to the submitting author.
At this time, it appears that none of the journals has published an issue or has any editorial boards, yet the publisher is accepting article submissions.
Several of the journals deal with non-scientific topics, including:
This publisher appears to be a one-man operation that operates out of an apartment in Baltimore. No serious scholar should submit his or her work to this publisher.
denverjeffreyInternational Journal Network
Hyderabad, India-based OMICS Publishing Group has set up new websites with different brand names that all try to lure potential authors into submitting papers to one or more of OMICS’ 250 journals. It is currently using these alternative brands:
It’s almost as if OMICS is deliberately creating brand confusion to trick scholars into submitting papers to these ghost brands. None of the brands has its own journals; their websites all lead to OMICS journals. The brands also serve to invite scholars into attending OMICS conferences.
This arrangement allows OMICS to have a greater web presence with more names. The objective is still the same — earn article processing fees and conference registration fees from authors. The company is trying to saturate the market for OA paper submissions. I think it’s just a matter of time before they develop new brands that begin with i-hyphen, such as i-Science, or something like that.
Looking at these ghost brands, one observes the same grammatical deficiencies that occur on OMICS’ main websites. For example, one banner says “Bringing microscopic world closer to you.” And, “Key to open access science forum” doesn’t really make any sense either.
OMICS also displays the logo for NIH, the National Institutes of Health, on all these brands’ websites:
Don’t be fooled by this intentional brand confusion. OMICS, by any other name, is still OMICS.
denverjeffreye-Medical Central e-Clinical Central e-Pharma Central e-Science Central NIH logo
The word savvy in English, according to Wictionary, means “shrewd, well-informed and perceptive.” The term is informal, so I am surprised to see it being used as the name of a scholarly publisher.
However, examining Savvy Science Publisher leads me to think the term is perhaps too formal in this case.
A colleague forwarded me a spam mail he received from Savvy. The company is seeking editorial board members for its not-yet-released title Journal of Dentist (yes, just Dentist).
The spam email was sent out by Dr. Saiqa Mushtaq, who lives at 5801 Wild Lilac Drive in East Petersburg, Pennsylvania. This address appears on the Savvy website as their “USA Office,” but it’s really a dwelling. Their other “office” is in Karachi, Pakistan.
Google searches indicate that Dr. Mushtaq is a psychiatrist who practices in Pennsylvania.
The publisher does not reveal what its article processing charge (APC) is, stating only, “Once the manuscript is final after having gone through peer review and the editorial approval it will be subjected to its processing fee.” Legitimate and ethical OA publishers always clearly and prominently state the APC.
The publisher displays the logo of the Copyright Clearance Center. The site offers no information about how its articles will be licensed. Are they confused, mindlessly adding logos to their site to make it look legitimate?
The site also offers a place to upload just article abstracts. However, it doesn’t explain why it does this and how uploading an abstract is different from uploading a manuscript in terms of being published on the site.
Clearly, this is an amateurish operation. However, its editorial boards have already been established and it is ready to accept manuscripts.
Appendix: List of Savvy Science Publisher’s journals as of June 27, 2013:
denverjeffreySavvy Science Publishers.Savvy Science Publishers
We recently discovered KY Publications, a new open-access publisher based in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India. We’re not sure what “KY” in the name stands for, but we know it’s not Kentucky or any drugstore product.
The publisher has six new journals, but not all of them have content. The operation seems to be the work of a sole proprietor, a Dr. Medikondu Kishore, who refers to himself as the firm’s CEO.
He uses false and boastful language to describe his publishing operation:
As of today, we are one of the leading national and international journal publishers and distributors of our research journals and serve million [sic] of scientists, research scholars, educational institutions, governmental bodies, corporate, scientific and engineering libraries and private research firms across the globe.
Visitors to the site will experience popup advertisements that appear and move about, for the publisher uses the free version of a website hosting service, a version supported by this annoying advertising.
One thing that struck me as I investigated this publisher was a “research article” appearing in the Research Journal of English Language and Literature that consists entirely of three very pitiful poems. The publisher in this case is actually publishing a two-page “research” article that is just some really bad poetry. The author is Hilal Ahmad Wani. This article proves, I think, that this is a true vanity press.
I recommend against submitting papers to this publisher’s journals, against serving on its editorial boards, and against reading the poetry it publishes as research articles.
Hat tip: Welko Tomic
Appendix: List of KY Publications journals as of July 3, 2013:
denverjeffreyKY PublicationsPoetry as a research article